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2021, vol. 55, br. 1, str. 3-6
Udruživanje napora pred zajedničkim izazovima
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Sofia, Bulgaria

e-adresaanna.mantarova@abv.bg
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The political changes in Bulgaria at the end of the 1980s marked the beginning of deep and comprehensive reforms in Bulgarian society. They had a tangible impact on science, and in particular on sociology. New opportunities opened up, but also serious challenges were faced.

Sociology expanded its position in the training of higher education professionals and began to be taught in more higher education institutions. Numerous sociological agencies were established, which focused on public opinion polls on a wide range of topics and accumulated a large amount of empirical material that could be used for theoretical interpretations.

After Bulgaria opened up to the world, favourable conditions were created for the integration of Bulgarian sociology into the leading trends. Bulgarian scientists permanently found its place in the European Research Area. For two decades now, Bulgarian sociologists have been working on Framework and other programs of the European Commission and other international institutions and organizations.

At the same time, however, Bulgarian sociology suffered a lot of damage and difficulties occurred. Research units with traditions and indisputable achievements were closed down or severely downsized. Due to the reduced funding, academic sociology faced serious challenges. The need to seek funding from external contractors indirectly affected the choice of research topics. It also affected the methods used. But the explanation of the country's ongoing complex and contradictory transformation processes, of the serious problems and contradictions that have arisen, became the most serious challenge (Genov, 1998, p. 87). Despite all difficulties, Bulgarian sociologists have achieved remarkable results in the study and explanation of the new social realities, proposed and propose ways to optimize social development.

Collaboration between sociologists from Serbia and Bulgaria has a long tradition. Individual scientific contacts, participation in scientific events, joint publications, and comparative studies are the most common forms of collaborative work. What has been done so far, however, does not meet the capabilities and interests of both parties and of sociologists in particular. The geographical proximity, the similarity of problems our societies are facing – demographic crisis, mass emigration, 'brain drain', poverty, growing social inequality, corruption, crime, lack of resources and capacity to respond quickly to emerging problems such as refugee crisis, difficulties for the sustainable development of our societies-are a prerequisite and an indicator for the need for joint efforts to establish a closer and more diverse forms of cooperation.

Taking the opportunity provided by the Editorial Board of Sociološki pregled / Sociological Review, we would like to make our colleagues from Serbia familiar with the works of contemporary Bulgarian sociologists. In order to give a broader view, three generations of authors have been selected – Academician Dimitar Dimitrov, a representative of the generation related to the institutionalization and the years of rapid development of Bulgarian sociology; already established sociologists of the middle generation – Professor, Doctor of Sociological Sciences Anna Mantarova, Professor, Doctor of Sociological Sciences Maya Kelian, Professor, Doctor of Political Science Georgi Manolov, Associate Professor Dr. Maria Zhelyazkova, Associate Professor Dr. Svetlana Stamenova; and young, but already prominent researchers – Associate Professor Dr. Petar Cholakov, Associate Professor Dr. Lyuba Spasova, Chief Assistant Dr. Todorka Kineva.

Apart from the generational aspect, the aim was to achieve thematic diversity by works treating variety of current and significant problems and processes – texts that study phenomena characteristic of Bulgarian society, as well as texts that study phenomena – of supranational nature, a consequence of global trends and processes.

The diversity of the works presented is enriched by the fact that some of them are mostly theoretical in nature, while others build their analyses on the basis of information from empirical research and statistics and give a detailed picture of social realities in today's Bulgarian society.

As once again I express my thanks for the opportunity to present ourselves before the Serbian sociological community, I hope that the proposed articles will help to get to know each other, will contribute to establishing new contacts and expand our cooperation.

References

Genov, N. (1998). Sociology. Sofia: Regional and Global Development.
Reference
Genov, N. (1998) Sociology. Sofia: Regional and Global Development
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski, srpski
vrsta rada: uvodnik
DOI: 10.5937/socpreg55-31379
primljen: 17.03.2021.
prihvaćen: 17.03.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 16.04.2021.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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