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2021, vol. 48, br. 1, str. 41-55
Usklađivanje znanja o pravilnoj ishrani i navika u ishrani generacije Z - postoji li mogućnost za unapređenje?
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Učiteljski fakultet na mađarskom jeziku, Subotica, Srbija
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnološki fakultet, Smer Ugljenohidratna hrana, Srbija
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Fakultet tehničkih nauka, Institut/odsek Opšte discipline u tehnici, Srbija
dUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Zavod za farmakologiju, toksikologiju i kliničku farmakologiju, Srbija
eEkonomski institut, Beograd, Srbija

e-adresamiljana.djordjevic@uns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnološki fakultet) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200134)

Ključne reči: generacija Z; znanje o pravilnoj ishrani; indeks telesne mase; učestalost
Sažetak
U prikazanoj studiji istražena je potencijalna povezanost znanja o ishrani i prehrambenih navika sa razvojem gojaznosti kod adolescenata generacije Z. Kroz upitnik dizajniran od strane autora, podaci o učestalosti konzumiranja obroka, izboru grickalica i poznavanju neophodnih količina osnovnih hranljivih sastojaka u ishrani prikupljeni su od 854 učenika (11-18 godina) osnovnih i srednjih škola u Autonomnoj Pokrajini Vojvodina. Podaci su analizirani i razmatrana je njihova povezanost prvenstveno sa indeksom telesne mase, a zatim polom i stepenom obrazovanja. Povezanost indeksa telesne mase i ispitivanih odrednica testirana je korišćenjem Hi-kvadrata i logističke regresije. Iako je većina ispitanih adolescenata imala normalnu telesnu težinu (72,1%), otkriven je i značajan udeo adolescenata sa prekomernom težinom (17,9%). Pored toga, uočene nepravilnosti u učestalosti konzumiranja doručka i večere kao i skromno znanje učesnika o pravilnoj ishrani mogu dalje doprineti pogoršanju ishrane. Zabeležene su statistički značajne, ali slabe veze između indeksa telesne mase i izbora užine, učestalosti konzumiranja večere kao i učestalosti konzumiranja slanih grickalica i brze hrane. Takođe, utvrđena je obrnuta proporcionalnost između višeg nivoa znanja o ishrani i prevalencije gojaznosti (OR 6.56, 95% CI 1.388-31.037). Kao rezultat, uočena je potreba za poboljšanjem prvenstveno znanja o pravilnoj ishrani, što predstavlja zadatak koji treba ostvariti kroz razvoj strategije za promociju zdravlja među Generacijom Z.
Dodaci

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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ffr48-30839
primljen: 12.02.2021.
revidiran: 23.04.2021.
prihvaćen: 31.05.2021.
objavljen onlajn: 15.06.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 10.07.2021.
metod recenzije: jednostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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