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2015, vol. 7, br. 3, str. 419-438
Gradonačelnici kao tvorci uloge generalnog urbanistickog plana
Univerzitet u Beogradu
Sažetak
Generalni urbanistički plan (GUP) je sastavni deo lokalnih razvojnih politika i jedan od najkontroverznijih razvojnih dokumenata u Srbiji. GUP se suštinski i ne posmatra kao razvojni dokument, te se stoga i ne koristi kao takav u postojećem institucionalnom sistemu u Srbiji. Iako je Zakonom o planiranju i izgradnji (2014) definisan kao strateški, u okvirima lokalnih institucija se ne koristi kao strateški dokument. GUP se često donosi kako bi se poštovala formalnost i zakonska obaveza, koristi se za ostvarivanje individualnih interesa, ignoriše se i menja, ili se slepo prati, bez analize. Lokalni akteri utiču na formu, implementaciju i svrhu GUP-a, ali nemaju svi jednake pozicije, interese i moć da utiču na dokument koji ima veliki značaj i obim. GUP se najčešće prepušta svojevolji komplikovanog sistema lokalnih vlasti i njenim brojnim strujama i akterima. Članak se fokusira na gradonačelnike (predsednike opština) kao formalno i potencijalno najuticajnije stejkholdere u lokalnoj vlasti, ali bez želje i interesa da menjaju ulogu GUP-a. Postoji ozbiljan deficit aktera u Srbiji koji bi mogli da institucionalizuju GUP kao strateški dokument lokalnog razvoja, i ozbiljan deficit aktera koji primećuju potrebu za promenom i žele da reaguju.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/SAJ1503419S
prihvaćen: 30.10.2015.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 14.07.2021.