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2020, vol. 74, br. 2, str. 140-151
Prediktori fizičke ativnosti u ranoj adolescenciji - doprinos opšte fizičke forme i fizičkog self-koncepta
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresasnezana.radisavljevic@fsfv.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Efekti primenjene fizičke aktivnosti na lokomotorni, metabolički, psiho-socijalni i vaspitni status populacije R Srbije (MPNTR - 47015)
Identifikacija, merenje i razvoj kognitivnih i emocionalnih kompetencija važnih društvu orijentisanom na evropske integracije (MPNTR - 179018)
Unapređivanje kvaliteta i dostupnosti obrazovanja u procesima modernizacije Srbije (MPNTR - 47008)

Ključne reči: motoričke sposobnosti; fizičko samo-opažanje; Indeks mase tela; pol; adolescencija
Sažetak
Brojni empirijski dokazi ukazuju na veliki značaj fizičke aktivnosti (FA) za zdravlje i blagostanje ljudi. Ipak, istraživanja pokazuju da širom sveta dolazi do pada FA kod mladih. Rana adolescencija je posebno osetljiv period jer tada deca usvajaju zdrave navike i grade pozitivan stav prema FA. Ispitivanje značaja i doprinosa potencijalnih faktora ukupnoj FA u ranoj adolescenciji je od teorijske i praktične važnosti. Stoga, cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da istraži validnost opšte fizičke forme i fizičkog self-koncepta u predviđanju ukupne FA u ranoj adolescenciji, uzimajući u obzir pol i Indeks mase tela (BMI). Uzorak je činilo 417 učenika osnovnih škola (54,9% dečaka), prosečne starosti 13,6 godina (DS = 0.73) koji učestvuju u redovnim časovima fizičkog vaspitanja, tri puta nedeljno. Fizički self-koncept je meren pomoću Upitnika fizičkog samoopisivanja (PSDQ). Za procenu svakodnevne fizičke aktivnosti korišćen je Upitnik o fizičkoj aktivnosti adolescenata (PAQ-A). Antropometrijska merenja obuhvatala su visinu i masu tela ispitanika. Opšta fizička forma (fleksibilnost, snaga abdominalnih mišića i eksplozivna snaga donjih ekstremiteta, kao i kardiorespiratorna izdržljivost) je merena pomoću EUROFIT baterije testova. Hijerarhijska regresiona analiza je pokazala da fizički self-koncept predviđa 35% varijanse FA, povrh pola i dimenzija opšte fizičke forme. Značajni prediktori FA bile su dimenzije fizičkog self-koncepta: fizička aktivnost, sportska kompetentnost i izdržljivost. Značajna interakcija pola i samopoštovanja je ukazala na to da je veće samopoštovanje imalo značajnu ulogu u nivou FA samo kod muških adolescenata. Glavni nalaz istraživanja je da fizički self-koncept igra presudnu ulogu u predviđanju nivoa ukupne FA adolescenata u ranoj adolescenciji. Rezultati podržavaju nalaze koji pokazuju da interventni programi usmereni na poboljšanje FA treba da podstaknu pozitivan fizički self-koncept adolescenata odgovarajućim sadržajem i procedurama.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/fizkul2002000R
primljen: 29.12.2020.
prihvaćen: 07.05.2021.
objavljen onlajn: 07.09.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 26.01.2022.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0