• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:26
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:13


article: 5 from 9  
Back back to result list
2020, vol. 74, iss. 2, pp. 152-161
Attitudes of primary school students toward physical education: Age and gender specifics
University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Republic of Srpska, B&H
Keywords: physical education; sex; affective and cognitive dimensions; teachers
The primary goal of this paper was to examine the attitudes of primary school students towards different aspects of physical education, with special emphasis on the specifics of age and gender categories. Also, the emotional relation towards physical education was examined through its ranking on the list of favorite subjects, and it was brought in connection with attitudes. The sample consisted of 6627 students (boys 3341 - 50.4%; girls 3286 - 49.6%) of primary schools in the city of Banja Luka (Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina), of which 2201 elementary school students and 4426 middle school students. Using t-tests, it was found that elementary school students in relation to the middle school students show statistically significantly higher values for the general attitude towards physical education. A comprehensive approach to the analysis of 15 separate items showed that the former express significantly higher values for most items. Girls and boys do not differ in terms of a general attitude towards physical education. Elementary school students ranked physical education better than other subjects, while girls of both age categories ranked physical education somewhat worse than boys. Better attitudes and ranking by younger students indicate the priority of this phase of life for physical education and the need to raise quality in working with this age. Declining values at an older age (middle school) require more proactive teacher action with an emphasis on the implementation of interesting content. The lack of differences between the attitudes of girls and boys calls for a renunciation of the traditional assumption that only boys have a benevolent attitude towards physical education. This implies greater support for girls and their stronger involvement in all organizational forms of physical education (sports sections, school competitions).
Anderssen, N., Wold, B., Torscheim, T. (2005) Tracking of exercise in adolescence. Research Quarterly on Exercise and Sport, 76, 119-129
Bauman, A. (2004) Updating the evidence that physical activity is good for health: An epidemiological review 2000-2003. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 7(1), 6-19
Bernstein, E., Phillips, S.R., Silverman, S. (2011) Attitudes and perceptions of middle school students toward competitive activities in physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 30(1), 69-83
Biddle, J.H., Mutrie, N. (2001) Psychology of physical activity: Determinants, well-being and interventions. London: Routledge
Chatterjee, S. (2013) Attitudes toward physical education of schools going adolescents in West Bengal. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 2(11), 6068-6073
Cohen, J.W. (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2nd ed
Colley, A.M., Comber, C., Hargreaves, D.J. (1994) Gender effects in school subject preferences: A research note. Educational Studies, 20(1), 13-18
Cook, S., Auinger, P., Huang, K. (2009) Growth curves for cardio-metabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics, 155(3), S6.e15-S6.e26
Gonzàlez, V.E. (1992) On human attitude: Root metaphors in theoretical conceptions. Goteborg, Sweden: Universitas Regia Gothoburgensis
Halfon, N., Verhoef, P.A., Kuo, A.A. (2012) Childhood antecedents to adult cardiovascular disease. Pediatrics in Review, 33(2), 51-61
Hill, G., Cleven, B. (2005) Comparison of 9th-grade male and female physical education activities preferences and support for coeducational groupings. Physical Educator, 62(4), 187-197
Kjønniksen, L., Fjørtoft, I., Wold, B. (2009) Attitude to physical education and participation in organized youth sports during adolescence related to physical activity in young adulthood: A 10-year longitudinal study. European Physical Education Review, 15(2), 139-154
Lazarević, D., Orlić, A., Lazarević, B., Radisavljević-Janić, S. (2015) Attitudes of early adolescent age students towards physical education. Fizička kultura, vol. 69, br. 2, str. 88-98
Marttinen, R., Fredrick, R.N., Silverman, S. (2018) Changes in student attitude toward physical education across a unit of instruction. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(1), 62-70
Mckenzie, T.L. (2003) Health-related physical education: Physical, activity fitness, and wellness. in: Silverman S., Ennis C.D. [ed.] Student Learning in Physical Education: Applying Research to Enhance Instruction, Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2nd ed., pp. 207-226
Mercier, K., Donovan, C., Gibbone, A., Rozga, K. (2017) Three-year study of students' attitudes toward physical education: Grades 4-8. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 88(3), 307-315
Navarro, D.J. (2015) Learning statistics with R: A tutorial for psychology students and other beginners (Version 0.5). Adelaide, Australia: University of Adelaide
Oppenheim, A.N. (1992) Questionnaire design, interviewing and attitude measurement. New York: St. Martin's Press
Portman, P.A. (2003) Are physical education classes encouraging students to be physically active?: Experience of ninth graders in their last semester of required physical education. Physical Educator, 60(3), 150-160
R Core Team (2020) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna\: R Foundation for Statistical Computing,
Revelle, W. (2020) Psych: Procedures for personality and psychological research. Evanston, Illinois, USA: Northwestern University,
Rosseel, Y. (2012) lavaan: An R Package for structural equation modeling. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(2), 1-36,
Sabini, J. (1995) Social psychology. New York: W.W. Norton, 2nd ed
Sherman, R.A., Serfass, D.G. (2015) The comprehensive approach to analyzing multivariate constructs. Journal of Research in Personality, 54, 40-50
Silverman, S., Subramaniam, P.R. (1999) Student attitude toward physical education and physical activity: A review of measurement issues and outcomes. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 19(1), 97-125
Solomon, M.A. (2003) Student issues in physical education: Attitudes, cognition and motivation. in: Silverman S., Ennis C.D. [ed.] Student Learning in Physical Education: Applying Research to Enhance Instruction, Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 147-162
Subramaniam, P.R., Silverman, S. (2000) Validation of scores from an instrument assessing student attitude toward physical education. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 4(1), 29-43
Subramaniam, P.R., Silverman, S. (2007) Middle school students' attitudes toward physical education. Teaching and Teacher Education, 23(5): 602-611
Tannehill, D., Zakrajsek, D. (1993) Student attitudes towards physical education: A multicultural study. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 13(1), 78-84
Telama, R., Yang, X., Viikari, J., Välimäki, I., Wanne, O., Rantakari, O. (2005) Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: A 21-year tracking study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28, 267-273
Telama, R., Yang, X., Laakso, L., Viikari, J. (1997) Physical activity in childhood and adolescence as predictor of physical activity in young adulthood. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 13(4), 317-323
Tinker, L.J. (1991) Attitude formation and attitude change. Dundas, Canada: Hanna Newcombe
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1996) Physical activity and health: A report of the surgeon general. Atlanta, GA: HSS
van Wersch, A., Trew, K., Turner, I. (1992) Post-primary school pupils' interest in physical education: Age and gender differences. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 62(1), 56-72


article language: Serbian, English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/fizkul74-30164
received: 18/01/2021
accepted: 16/03/2021
published online: 17/03/2021
published in SCIndeks: 26/01/2022
peer review method: double-blind
Creative Commons License 4.0