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2020, vol. 74, br. 2, str. 152-161
Stavovi učenika osnovne škole prema fizičkom vaspitanju - uzrasne i polne specifičnosti
Univerzitet u Banjoj Luci, Fakultet fizičkog vaspitanja i sporta, Republika Srpska, BiH

e-adresadusko.lepir@ffvs.unibl.org
Ključne reči: fizičko vaspitanje; pol; afektivne i kognitivne dimenzije; nastavnici
Sažetak
Primarni cilj ovoga rada je bio da se ispitaju stavovi učenika osnovnih škola prema različitim aspektima fizičkog vaspitanja, sa posebnim osvrtom na specifičnosti uzrasnih i polnih kategorija. Takođe, ispitan je i emocionalni odnos prema fizičkom vaspitanju kroz njegovo rangiranje na listi najomiljenijih predmeta. Uzorak je činilo 6.627 učenika (dječaci 3.341 - 50.4%; djevojčice 3.286 - 49.6%) osnovnih škola na području grada Banja Luke (Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina), od čega 2.201 učenik/ca razredne nastave, te 4.426 učenika/ca predmetne nastave. Primjenom t - testova utvrđeno je da učenici razredne u odnosu na učenike predmetne nastave iskazuju statistički značajno više vrijednosti za generalni stav prema fizičkom vaspitanju. Sveobuhvatnim pristupom analize 15 zasebnih stavki uvidjelo se da prvi iskazuju značajno više vrijednosti za većinu stavki. Djevojčice i dječaci se ne razlikuju po pitanju generalnog stava prema fizičkom vaspitanju. Mlađi školski uzrast je bolje rangirao fizičko vaspitanja u odnosu na druge nastavne predmete, dok su djevojčice obe uzrasne kategorije nešto lošije rangirale fizičko vaspitanje u odnosu na dječake. Bolji stavovi i rangiranje od strane učenika razredne nastave ukazuju na prioritetnost ove životne faze za fizičko vaspitanje, te potrebu za podizanjem kvaliteta u radu sa ovim uzrastom. Opadanje vrijednosti kod starijeg uzrasta zahtjeva proaktivnije djelovanja nastavnika sa naglaskom na implementaciju interesantnih sadržaja. Nepostojanje razlika između stavova djevojčica i dječaka poziva na odricanje od tradicionalne pretpostavke da isključivo dječaci imaju blagonaklon stav prema fizičkom vaspitanju. To podrazumijeva veću podršku djevojčicama, te snažnije uključivanje u sve organizacione forme fizičkog vaspitanja (sportske sekcije, školska takmičenja).
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/fizkul74-30164
primljen: 18.01.2021.
prihvaćen: 16.03.2021.
objavljen onlajn: 17.03.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 26.01.2022.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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