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2021, vol. 16, br. 2, str. 39-56
Socijalni kapital klastera u funkciji podizanja konkurentnosti malih i srednjih preduzeća
aDržavna revizorska institucija
bAkademija strukovnih studija kosovsko metohijska
cPrivredni sud u Beogradu

e-adresavladam338@gmail.com
Ključne reči: socijalni kapital; klaster; interorganizaciono povezivanje; mreže; norme; poverenje; konkurentnost
Sažetak
Socijalni kapital predstavlja kolektivnu ili individualnu vrednost dobijenu iz povezanosti u određenim grupama ili mrežama. Klasteri su sistem povezanih preduzeća i institucija koje zajedničkim delovanjem obezbeđuju sinergetski efekat. Shodno tome, jedan od vrlo popularnih načina organizovanja i jačanja uloge malih i srednjih preduzeća jeste njihovo povezivanje u klastere i građenje konkurentske prednosti ekonomije na toj osnovi. Danas brojne organizacije sve izraženije nastoje da izmene svoj odnos prema socijalnom kapitalu i usmere značajan deo aktivnosti prema njegovom kvalitetnom upravljanju. Cilj ovog rada je da se sagledaju socijalni procesi u klasterima Srbije i ukaže kako pristupanje klasteru znači ulazak u specifičnu mrežu odnosa koja u sebi može da krije bogat socijalni kapital. U tom smislu, biće ukazano na značaj prepoznavanja socijalnog kapitala u klasterima od strane malih i srednjjih preduzeća s obzirom da odnosi neformalnih i formalnih veza u mrežama imaju stratešku važnost za unapređenje performansi MSP, koje zbog ograničenih resursa nisu u mogućnosti da bez ovih mreža brže tržišno napreduju.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ekonsig2102039M
primljen: 08.08.2021.
prihvaćen: 26.11.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.04.2022.
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