Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:39
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:28

Sadržaj

članak: 3 od 8  
Back povratak na rezultate
2022, vol. 94, br. 2, str. 416-464
Zabrana konkurencije u ugovoru o radu - (ne)opravdano ograničenje slobode rada
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Pravni fakultet

e-adresaminakuzminac96@gmail.com
Ključne reči: zabrana konkurencije; ugovor o radu; vernost poslodavcu; sloboda rada; prinudni rad
Sažetak
Autorka u radu analizira normativne i praktične aspekte radnopravnog instituta zabrane konkurencije. Hipoteza postavljena u radu jeste da, iako radno pravo treba da poznaje institut zabrane konkurencije, postoji potreba da se u većoj meri ograniči unošenje zabrane konkurencije u ugovor o radu (naročito za period posle prestanka radnog odnosa), kako ne bi došlo do neopravdanog ograničenja slobode rada zaposlenih. Cilj rada je da izloži prednosti i mane zabrane konkurencije iz (suprotstavljenih) perspektiva poslodavca i zaposlenog, te da ukaže na to koje odredbe u domaćem pravnom okviru je potencijalno neophodno revidirati kako ne bi dolazilo do zloupotrebe zabrane konkurencije od strane poslodavaca u praksi. Rad sadrži analizu rešenja domaćeg radnog zakonodavstva i kratak pregled rešenja iz određenih država Evropske unije koja mogu biti smernica za izmene i dopune domaćeg zakonodavstva, kao i analizu rezultata istraživanja sprovedenog putem upitnika koja pokazuje da zaposleni nisu u dovoljnoj meri upoznati sa institutom zabrane konkurencije. Konačno, autorka je sprovela i intervju sa respondentima koji su imali ili imaju zabranu konkurencije u ugovoru o radu. Na osnovu intervjua se može zaključiti da zaposleni pristaju na klauzulu zabrane konkurencije u strahu da neće dobiti posao, iako smatraju da nema opravdanog osnova za ovakvu klauzulu.
Reference
*** (2011-2019) Companies Act. Official Gazette of the RS, no. 36/2011, 99/2011, 83/2014 -other law, 5/2015, 44/2018, 95/2018 and 91/2019
*** (2001) Employment Act. Official Gazette of the RS, no. 70 and 73
*** (2021) Law on the Protection of Trade Secrets. Official Gazette of the RS, no. 53
*** (2014-2020) Croatian Labour Act. Narodne novine, no. 93/14, 127/17, 98/19 in force since 01.01.2020
*** (1932) ILO Convention No. 29 on forced or compulsory labour. Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, no. 297
*** (2005-2018) Employment Act. Official Gazette of the RS, no. 24/2005, 61/2005, 54/2009, 32/2013, 75/2014, 13/2017 -decision of the CC, 113/2017 and 95/2018 -authentic interpretation
*** (2021) German Commercial Code / Handelsgesetzbuch. BGBl, Gesetz vom 10.05.1897 (RGBl. I S. 219) zuletzt geändert durch Gesetz vom 07.08.2021 (S. 3311) m.W.v. 12.08
*** (2013-2021) Slovenian Employment Relationships Act. Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 21/13, 78/13 - amd., 47/15 - ZZSDT, 33/16 - PZ-F, 52/16, 15/17 - decision of the CC, 22/19 - ZPosS, 81/19, 203/20 - ZIUPOPDVE in 119/21 - ZČmIS-A
*** (2002) ILO Convention No. 105 on the abolition of forced labour. Official Gazette of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: International Contracts, no. 13
*** (2003-2015) European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Official Gazette of Serbia and Montenegro: International Contracts + Official Gazette of the RS: International Contracts, no. 9/2003, 5/2005 and 7/2005 -amd no. 12/2010 and 10/2015
Adler, B. (1999) Do Non-compete Agreements Really Protect You?. Workforce, 78 (12), 48
Bagchi, A. (2009) The Myth of Equality in the Employment Relation. Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law, 256, 579-628
Berg, J. (2015) Labour markets, Institutions and Inequality: Building Just Societies in the 21st Century. Geneva: International Labour Office
Blanc-Jouvan, G. (2014) Klauzule koje povređuju slobodu rada - primer klauzule zabrane konkurencije. Radno i socijalno pravo, (1), 73-86
Centre For Dignified Work, Ulof Palme Centre (2020) Zakon o radu (model). Available at: http://cdrsrbija.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Model-ZoR-finalna-novembar-2020.pdf
Colvin, C., Shierholz, H. (2019) Noncompete Agreements. Available at: https://www.epi.org/publication/noncompete-agreements
Dunlop, D., Brazil, L. (2019) Getting the Most Out of Non-Competes. Available at: https://iveybusinessjournal.com/getting-the-most-out-of-non-competes
Đuričić, J. (2011) Usaglašena praksa i/ili svesni paralelizam na oligopolističkom tržištu. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta, Novi Sad, vol. 45, br. 1, str. 549-560
Eisenbrei, R. (2016) White House Issues Call to Action on Non-compete Clauses. Available at: https://www.epi.org/blog/white-house-issues-call-to-action-on-non -compete-clauses
European Parliament (2002) Answer given by Mr Monti on behalf of the Commission. Available at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getAllAnswers.do?reference=E-2002-1637&language=SL
Federal Trade Commission The Antitrust Laws. https://www.ftc.gov/tips-advice/competition-guidance/guide-antitrust-laws/antitrust-laws
Flanagen, J. (2019) No Exit: Understanding Employee Non-Competes and Identifying Best Practices to Limit Their Overuse. Available at: https://www.acslaw.org/wpcontent/uploads/2019/11/Understanding-Employee-Non-Competes-and-Identifying-Best-Practices-to-Limit-Their-Overuse.pdf
Foreign Investors Council (2020) Prilog projektu sveobuhvatne reforme propisa. Available at: https://fic.org.rs/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Radno_pravo.pdf
He, Z. (2021) Motivating Inventors: Non-competes, Innovation Value and Efficiency
Jovanović, P. (2013) Interesna obeležja radnog odnosa. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta, Novi Sad, vol. 47, br. 4, str. 21-34
Jovanović, P.P., Božičić, D.M. (2017) Normativni okvir zaštite moralnog integriteta zaposlenih. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta, Novi Sad / Annals of the Faculty of Law in Novi Sad, vol. 51, br. 4, str. 1229-1249
Jovičić, K. (2018) Poslovne tajne - određenje i osnovi zaštite. Strani pravni život, br. 1, str. 7-19
Kesan, J., Hayes, C. (2011) The Law and Policy of Non-Compete Clauses in the United States and Their Implications. Illinois Public Law and Legal Theory Research Papers Series, 11 (7), 381-404
Kovačević, L. (2021) Zasnivanje radnog odnosa. Belgrade: University of Belgrade-Faculty of Law
Kovačević, L. (2013) Pravna subordinacija u radnom odnosu i njene granice. Beograd: University of Belgrade-Faculty of Law
Kovačević, L., Kovács, E. (2019) Change of employer and preservation of employment: Serbian experience in light of European law. Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Beogradu / Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade, vol. 67, br. 2, str. 102-127
Kovačević, L. (2016) Valjani razlozi za otkaz ugovora o radu. Belgrade: Univerzitet u Beogradu-Pravni fakultet
Kusovac, V. (2006) Neka pitanja u vezi zabrane konkurencije. Pravo - teorija i praksa, vol. 23, br. 7-8, str. 21-25
Lobel, O. (2019) Non-Competes, Human Capital Policy & Regional Competition. San Diego Legal Studies Paper, Forthcoming, No. 19-417
Marx, M. (2020) Employee Non-compete Agreements, Gender, and Entrepreneurship
Mcadams, J. (2019) Non-Compete Agreements: A Review of the Literature. SSRN Electronic Journal
Morgan, R. (2019) The Why and How of a Non-Compete. Employee Relations Law Journal, 45 (3), 49-53
Obradović, G. (2002) Zabrana konkurencije prema Zakonu o radu. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta u Nišu / Annals of the Faculty of Law in Niš, br. 42, str. 335-344
OECD (2019) Competition Issues in Labour Markets: Note by Finland. Available at: https://one.oecd.org/document/DAF/COMP/WD(2019)38/en/pdf
Pavlevski, A., Veselinović, A. Klauzule zabrane konkurencije. Available at: https://pavleski-law.rs/radno-pravo/klauzula-zabrane-konkurencije
Ranđelović & Partners (2019) Klauzula zabrane konkurencije u ugovoru o radu. Available at: https://randjelovic.rs/sr/nas-blog/klauzula-zabrane-konkruencije-u-ugovoru-o-radu
Ringeling, C., Wright, J., Ginsberg, D., Yun, J., Lipsky, T. (2020) Noncompete Clauses Used in Employment Contracts Comment of the Global Antitrust Institute Ringeling. George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper, No. 20-04
Saulsbery, G. (2021) Restrictive Covenants in the COVID era: Pandemic-related Unemployment Raises Questions about the Enforceability of Non-compete Agreements. Spotlight Employment Law. Available at: https://content.ebscohost.com/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=149164499&S=R&D=bwh&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHX8kSep6840dvuOLCmsEmep7JSrq64SrWWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPG
Schmidt, M. (2017) Non-Compete Agreements: Potential Pitfalls under Both Employment and Antitrust Law. Employee Relations Law Journal, 43(1): 63-68
Sierra, H.A. (2014) La cláusula de no competencia post-contractual en el contrato de trabajo. Available at: https://www.scielo.cl/scielo. php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-00122014000200004&lng=en&tlng=en
Starr, E. (2019) The Use, Abuse, and Enforceability of Non-Compete and No-Poach Agreements: A Brief Review of the Theory, Evidence, and Recent Reform Efforts. Economic Innovation Group
Stojković advokati (2020) Vodič za poslodavce kod ugovaranja zabrane konkurencije u radnom odnosu. Available at: https://statt.rs/sr/vodic-za-poslodavce-kod-ugovaranja-zabrane-konkurencije-u-radnom-odnosu
Šunderić, B. (2001) Pravo Međunarodne organizacije rada. Belgrade: University of Belgrade-Faculty of Law
Tarasewicz, Y. (2010) Drafting and Enforcing Non-compete Agreements in the European Union: The Examples of France, Germany and Italy. Available at: https://www.internationallaborlaw.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/15/2012/10/Draftingand-Enforcing-non-compete-agreements-in-the-EU.pdf
Urdarević, B., Radulović, Z. (2012) Globalizacija i koncept socijalnih prava. Srpska politička misao, br. 1, str. 169-186
Vaheesan, S., Buck, M. (2021) Non-Competes and Other Contracts of Disposession. Michigan State Law Review, Forthcoming, 1-66
Weberndörfer, F. (2017) A Comparison of Laws in Selected EU Jurisdictions Relating to Post-contractual, Non-competition Agreements between Employers and Employees. Available at: https://www.nortonrosefulbright.com/en/knowledge/publications/9807eea3/a-comparison-of-laws-in-selected-eu-jurisdictions-relating-to-post-contractual-non-competition-agreements-between-e
Žunić-Marić, T., Lapćević, A. (2020) Klauzula zabrane konkurencije - bolje sprečiti nego lečiti. Available at: na https://zuniclaw.com/zabrana-konkurencije
 

O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/gakv94-36244
primljen: 28.09.2021.
revidiran: 07.02.2022.
prihvaćen: 08.04.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.07.2022.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

Povezani članci

Nema povezanih članaka