## Akcije

kako citirati ovaj članak
podeli ovaj članak

## Metrika

• citati u SCIndeksu: 0
• citati u CrossRef-u:0
• posete u poslednjih 30 dana:2
• preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:0

 članak: 2 od 11
 povratak na rezultate
2008, vol. 13, br. 4, str. 9-13
Economic efficiency of the firm: An analysis tool for the efficiency improving of the supply chain management by implementation of an ERP software
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aWestern University Vasile Goldis Arad, Romania
bWestern University Timisoara, Faculty of Economic Science, Romania
cAcademy of Economic Science Bucharest, Romania
Sažetak
(ne postoji na srpskom)
The intent of the paper is to analyze the way the economic efficiency of a firm relates with the informational system of the supply chain management. Supply chain management, represents, in the context of globalization and increased outsourcing, a critical component of the firms' management system. At the same time the complexity of the information, the number of variables and parameters used in the decisional system demands information technology as a physical support for the informational system. The starting premises are represented by the efficiency and productivity sources of a firm and their connections with the supply chain management and the firm's informational system. For the efficiency of the supply chain management were used indicators offered by the quality management system. (rate at which potential customers are transformed into actual customers, average time for delivery, the magnitude and the rotation speed of the inventory, etc.) Regarding the economic efficiency there were used indicators like costs, cost savings, profitability. For these indicators it was realized an estimation of the impact the implementation of an ERP system would have. As an analysis tool a cost-benefit analysis was used. The cost-benefit analysis considered the incomes and costs as well as the indirect effects. Some indicators were calculated: Internal Revenue Rate (IRR), Net Present Value (NPV). To increase flexibility there were used calculus tables that allow fast actualization of the results in function the value changes of different parameters. The conclusion is that the investment in the informational system, that can significantly increase the supply chain management efficiency, leads to important economic effects that are higher than the effects of investments in fixed assets.
 Reference Amaro, A.C.S., Barbosa-Po'voa, A.P.F.D. (2008) Supply chain management with optimal scheduling. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, 47, 116-132 Bok, J.K., Grossmann, I.E., Park, S. (2000) Supply chain optimization in continuous flexible process network. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, 39, 1279-1290 Brent, R.J. (1996) Applied cost-benefit analysis. Cheltenham (UK): Edward Elgar Cachon, G., Fisher, M. (2000) Supply chain inventory management and the value of shared information. Management Science, 46 (8), 1032-1048 Dresner, M., Yao, Y., Palmer, J. (2001) Internet technology use across the food industry supply chain. Transportation Journal, Summer Economic Development Institute (1996) The economic evaluation of projects. Washington DC: World Bank Garaveli, A.C. (2003) Flexibility configurations for supply chain management. International Journal of Production Economics, 85, 141-153 Gunasekaran, A., Ngai, E.W.T. (2004) Information systems in supply chain integration and management. Eur. J. Oper. Res, 159, 269-295 Kohli, K.N. (1993) Economic analysis of investment projects: A practical approach. Oxford: Oxford University Press for the Asian Development Bank Massimo, F., Ugo, F., Mario, G., François, L. Guide to costbenefit analysis of inverstment projects Mishan, E.J. (1994) Cost benefit analysis: An informal introduction. New York: Routledge Mukhopadhyay, T., Kekre, S., Kalathur, S. (1995) Business value of information technology: A study of electronic data interchange. MIS Quarterly, 19 (2), 137-156 Premkumar, G.P. (2000) Interorganization systems and supply chain management: An information processing perspective. Information Systems Management, Summer, vol. 17 Raghunathan, S. (2001) Information sharing in a supply chain: A note on its value when demand is nonstationary. Management Science, 47 (4), 605-610 Reiner, G. (2005) Customer-oriented improvement and evaluation of supply chain processes supported by simulation models. Int. J. Prod. Econ, 96, 381-395 Shah, N. (2005) Process industry supply chains: Advances and challenges. Comput. Chem. Eng, 29, 1225-1235 Silver, E.A., Peterson, R. (1985) Decision systems for inventory management and production planning. New York, itd: Wiley Soim, H., Maniov, V. (2007) The assessment of structural funds projects: Risk analysis by Monte Carlo method in cost-benefit analysis. Strategijski menadžment, vol. 12, br. 1-2, str. 37-40 Şoim, H. (2005) Consultanţa şi finanţarea afacerilor. u: Simpozionul internaţional 'Valoare adaugată prin consultanţă în management', Arad: Vasile Goldis University Press, str. 151-156 Xu, K., Dong, Y., Evers, P.T. (2001) Towards better coordination of the supply chain. Transportation Research Part E, 37, 35-54