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2018, vol. 33, iss. 3-4, pp. 161-174
Brassinosteroid phytochormones as regulators of plant growth and modulators of pesticide and fertilizer activity
aInstitute for Plant Protection and Environment, Belgrade
bUniversity 'Union - Nikola Tesla', Belgrade + University of Belgrade, Institute of Nuclear Sciences 'Vinča', Belgrade-Vinča
cInstitute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Belgrade
dMaize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun

emailbogdannik@mail2world.com
Project:
Development of integrated approach in plant protection for control harmful organisms (MESTD - 31018)
Integrated field crop production: conservation of biodiversity and soil fertility (MESTD - 31037)
Studies on plant pathogens, arthropods, weeds, and pesticides with a view to developing the methods of biorational plant protection and safe food production (MESTD - 31043)
Research and verification of the multidisciplinary forensic methods in (MESTD - 37021)

Abstract
The mode of action of agrochemicals on plants implies the totality of their effect on plant metabolism, growth and development. The effects of different doses of 24-epibrassinolide (24-EBL) as a class of brassinosteroid phytohormones on growth and other physiological processes in maize plants during different development stages are reviewed in order to assess the influence of these agrochemicals on various factors determining the yield of maize as an important agricultural crop. In addition, several examples are given of the effects of these phytohormones on other crops, fruits and vegetables, in terms of their effect on yield, yield quality, and increase in crop resistance to some types of stress. Own results are discussed in the context of other literature data. Abbreviations: 24-EBL: 24-epibrassinolide; BRs: brassinosteroids; PCZ: propiconazole; Chl a: chlorophyl a; RFW (g g-1): relative fresh weight of different organs (R: radicle; P: plumule; RoS: rest of seed); TDW, TFW (g): total dry and fresh weight of plants; V root (ml): root volume; LMR, RMR, SMR (g g-1): relative dry weight of plant parts (leaves, roots, stem); dH (J mol-1 K-1): differential enthalpy of different parts (R: radicle; P: plumule; RoS: rest of seed) of 25 maize seedlings exposed to T(reatments) of different molar concentrations of 24-EBL; ΔG105 (J mol-1 K-1) differential Gibbs free energy of total maize plant and their parts (R: roots; L: leaves; S: stem) assesed at 105 0C; ZP434, ZP704, ZP505: maize hybrids; Fv/Fm, Fv/F0, FRS2, qP, NPQ, RFD730 (all in relative units), ETR (μmol electrons m-2 s-1): different Chl a fluorescence parameters; Pphy, Pi: phosphorus bond to phytic acid and free phosphorus available to many cellular biochemical reactions; GSH: reduced form of gluthathyone; K, Ca, Fe, Mg, Zn, Si: different chemical elements.
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About

article language: English
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1804161N
published in SCIndeks: 10/01/2019
peer review method: double-blind
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