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2021, vol. 14, iss. 2, pp. 81-100
Comparative analysis of public enterprise management in the Republic of Serbia
aUniversity 'Union - Nikola Tesla', Faculty of Economics and Finance, Belgrade
bVisoka škola strukovnih studija za menadžment i poslovne komunikacije, Novi Sad

emailedvard.jakopin@stat.gov.rs, miladinkalinic@gmail.com
Keywords: management of public enterprises; business analysis of large republican infrastructural public enterprises; reform priorities
Abstract
The results of a comparative study of the effects of state and public enterprise management in transition economies have classified Serbia as a group of countries with inefficient management. Transition countries, members of the EU, achieve better management performance of state-owned enterprises than non-EU countries, due to stronger institutions, efficient state aid rules, as well as greater transparency of budget support. The global pandemic in 2020 and increased health, economic and social risks, in many transition countries have not affected the slowdown of structural reforms in public enterprises, on the contrary, a special focus was directed towards upgrading the mechanisms of management of public enterprises, strengthening the anti-corruption policy, digitalization of state services, etc. The research of the reform balance of the management of large republican public infrastructure enterprises in the Republic of Serbia has shown that the state has major problems in the management of enterprises that are in its portfolio and under its control. Their business poses a permanent budget risk, directly affecting economic growth and key macroeconomic aggregates. Large infrastructure public enterprises have a dominant share in the energy and transport sectors, which affects the business of the entire economy. The balance of their business in the period of economic boom is in increasing discrepancy with the balance of business of the private sector, which clearly indicates the problem of management. The primary reform task in the management of public enterprises is to improve the accountability, transparency and efficiency of their management.
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About

article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
DOI: 10.5937/etp2102081J
received: 11/06/2021
revised: 14/06/2021
accepted: 22/06/2021
published in SCIndeks: 30/07/2021
Creative Commons License 4.0

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