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2015, vol. 72, br. 2, str. 123-131
Određivanje vertikalne dimenzije okluzije pomoću samoglasnika O i E
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet, Stomatološka klinika

e-adresasaigic@yahoo.com
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj. Vertikalna dimenzija okluzije veoma je važan parametar za pravilnu rekonstrukciju odnosa između vilica. U literaturi su opisane mnoge metode za njeno određivanje, od jednostavnih, klinički lako primenljivih, do prilično komplikovanih, uz primenu jednog ili više uređaja za registraciju. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitivanje mogućnosti određivanja vertikalne dimenzije okluzije primenom glasova O i E uz kontrolu dobijenih vrednosti primenom kognitivnih funkcija. Metode. Ispitivanja su vršena kod dve grupe ispitanika. Prva grupa se sastojala od 50 osoba ženskog i 50 osoba muškog pola, starosti od 18 do 30 godina. Kod ove grupe vršeno je merenje rastojanja između referentnih tačaka (na vrhu nosa i brade) pri položaju mandibule u vertikalnoj dimenziji okluzije, vertikalnoj dimenziji mirovanja (VDM) i izgovoru reci OLO i ELE. Provera korektnosti određene vrednosti za reč OLO vršena je takođe fonetskom metodom uz primenu vežbi kognitivnog tipa pri brojanju od 89 do 80. Dobijena razlika u prosečnim vrednostima pri određivanju vertikalne dimenzije okluzije i OLO i ELE, u prvoj grupi, korišćena je kao referenca za određivanje vertikalne dimenzije okluzije kod druge grupe ispitanika. Drugom grupom obuhvaćena je 31 bezuba osoba (14 žena i 17 muškaraca), starosti od 54 do 85 godina, a kojima su izrađivane totalne proteze. Rezultati. Prosečna vrednost dobijena za vertikalnu dimenziju mirovanja za ceo uzorak je 2,16 mm, za reč OLO iznosila 5,51 mm i za reč ELE 7,47 mm. Nije bilo statistički značajne razlike između polova za vrednosti VDM, OLO i ELE. Ustanovljena je statistički značajna razlika između vrednosti za vertikalnu dimenziju mirovanja, OLO i ELE za oba pola. Takođe, ustanovljena je statistički značajna korelacija između vrednosti za vertikalnu dimenziju mirovanja, OLO i ELE za obe grupe ispitanika. Zaključak. U praktičnom radu za određivanje vertikalne dimenzije okluzije treba oduzeti 5,5 mm od položaja mandibule pri izgovaranju reci OLO ili 7,5 mm pri izgovoru reci ELE.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/VSP1502123I
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 17.02.2015.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman

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