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2020, vol. 25, br. 50, str. 105-111
Priming seeds-method for increasing the germination of soybean seeds under drought stress conditions
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresazlatica.miladinov@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200032)
This article is part the project 114-451-2739/2016: Sustainable production of plant proteins: Soybean, microorganisms, response to climate change, financially supported by the Provincial Secretariat for Science and Technological Development

Ključne reči: suša; Glycine max.; potapanje semena; klijavost semena
Sažetak
Suša je jedan od najvažnijih faktora koji ograničava uspešnu proizvodnju kulturnih biljaka. Jedna od najosetljivijih faza na nedostatak vode kod biljaka je klijanje semena. Postoje razne metode odnosno predsetveni tretmani koj imaju cilj da smanje negativan uticaj nedostatka vode i poboljšaju klijanje semena. Jedan od njih je potapanje semena. Cilj ovog eksperimenta bio je da se ispita uticaj potapanja semena u rastvore - KNO3 (1%), askorbinsku kiselinu - AsA (100mgl-1) i kalijum hlorid KCl (1%) na smanjenje negativnog uticaja suše. Dejstvo suše simulirano je primenom različitih koncentracija PEG-a 6000 (0 (kontrola), -0,30, -0,51, -0,80 MPa). Rezultati istraživanja su pokazali da je sa povećanjem nedostatka vode efekat potapanja semena veći. Pri vodnom potencijalu rastvora od -0,30 MPa enerija klijanja i klijavost semena povećani su, u proseku, za 6,77% odnosno 5,08% dok je pri vodnom potencijalu rastvora od - 0,80 MPa povećanje iznosilo 19,28% odnosno 16,75%. Takođe, potapanje semena značajno je smanjilo intenzitet lipidne peroksiacije i sadržaj slobodnog prolina. Iz svega navedenog može se zaključiti da je potapanje semena metod koji može da poboljša klijanje semena soje u uslovima suše.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/AASer2050105M
primljen: 18.05.2020.
prihvaćen: 22.07.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.01.2021.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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