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2020, vol. 37, br. 3, str. 231-240
Uticaj oralnog zdravlja na kvalitet života kod bolesnika starije životne dobi
Univerzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet + Univerzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet, Stomatološka klinika

e-adresakosticmilena76@gmail.com
Projekat:
This work was supported by the Internal project of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, Serbia. No. 1114629-4/11.

Sažetak
Loša higijena i bolesti zuba i oralnih tkiva mogu uticati na sve aspekte života bolesnika. Cilj istraživanja bilo je utvrđivanje subjektivne ocene oralnog i opšteg zdravlja bolesnika i njihovog uticaja na kvalitet života bolesnika starije životne dobi. Istraživanje je obuhvatilo 46 bolesnika, korisnika gerijatrijskog centra, kojima su postavljana pitanja iz trodelnog upitnika. Prvi deo upitnika odnosio se na osnovne socio-demagrafske podatke. Drugi deo upitnika bio je modifikovani Oral Impacts of Daily Performance (OIDP), nakon čega je sledila procena opšteg i oralnog zdravlja od strane bolesnika. Likertovom petostepenom skalom (1 - 5) utvrđivana je frekvencija, utvrđivan je intenzitet nastalih poteškoća i utvrđivana je subjektivna procena zdravstvenog stanja. Na osnovu modifikovanog OIDP upitnika utvrđeno je da svi bolesnici imaju neku poteškoću, koja je posledica oralnih tegoba. Čak 86,96% bolesnika imalo je poteškoće u jelu i uživanju u hrani, smejanju i pokazivanju zuba bez nelagodnosti, kao i u uživanju u druženju sa drugim ljudima, zbog oralnih tegoba. Bolesnici sa krezubošću pokazivali su veće vrednost OIDP skorova u odnosu na bezube, ali na osnovu Studentovog t-testa nezavisnih uzoraka, nije utvrđena statistički značajna razlika. OIDP skorovi nisu zavisili od pola, bračnog statusa, kao ni od obrazovne strukture bolesnika. Ispitanici sa ozbiljnijim poteškoćama imali su i statistički signifikantno veću potrebu za stomatološkim intervencijama. Poboljšanjem oralnog zdravlja i čestim stomatološkim pregledima mogle bi se unaprediti funkcije orofacijalnog sistema, izgled i samopouzdanje bolesnika, što bi pozitivno uticalo i na njihov socijalni život.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/afmnai2003231K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 04.12.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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