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2019, vol. 34, br. 1, str. 31-37
Biodiverzitet gljiva na zrnima kukuruza u ogledu za ispitivanje efikasnosti insekticida
Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresasonja.tancic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Unapređenje proizvodnje kukuruza i sirka u uslovima stresa (MPNTR - 31073)
Razvoj novih sorti i poboljšanje tehnologija proizvodnje uljanih biljnih vrsta za različite namene (MPNTR - 31025)

Sažetak
Kukuruzni plamenac (Ostrinia nubilalis) i fuzariozna trulež klipa (Fusarium spp.) pričinjavaju najveće štete u proizvodnji kukuruza. Postoji nekoliko istraživanja koja su potvrdila da, svojom ishranom, larve kukuruznog plamenca doprinose i razvoju fuzarioznih plesnivosti na oštećenjima zrna i klipa kukuruza. Stoga je glavni cilj ovih četvorogodišnjih istraživanja bio da se odredi efikasnost insekticidnih tretmana na smanjenje brojnosti larvi kukuruznog plamenca, kao i njihov uticaj na diverzitet gljiva na zrnima kukuruza. Ukupno 16 različitih rodova gljiva je identifikovano u uzorcima zrna kukuruza tokom četvorogodišnjeg perioda istraživanja. Fusarium vrste su registrovane u svim tretmanima tokom sve četiri godine istraživanja, i svojim procentualnim učešćem potvrdile da su najdominantniji patogeni zrna kukuruza. Pojava vrsta rodova Aspergillus i Penicillium u uzorcima zrna kukuruza je bila slaba. Vrste koje su često bile registrovane zajedno sa Fusarium spp. na zrnima kukuruza su bile: Aspergillus spp., Mortierella spp., Mucor spp., Penicillium spp., Acremonium spp. i Rhizopus spp. Tretmani sa hlorantraniliprolom i hrorantraniliprol+lambda-cihalotrinom su pokazali veću efikasnost, ali ne i statistički značajnu, u odnosu na indoksakarb u smanjenju broja larvi kukuruznog plamenca. Takođe, i pored manjeg broja vrsta registrovanih u ova dva tretmana, nije uočen statistički značajan uticaj ni jednog ispitivanog tretmana na broj rodova gljiva prisutnih u uzorcima.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1901031T
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 04.07.2019.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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