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2019, vol. 25, br. 2, str. 31-40
Primena solarizacije u cilju biološkog suzbijanja zemljišnih patogena i povećanja prinosa povrća u zaštićenom prostoru
aInstitut za povrtarstvo, Smederevska Palanka
bNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
Projekat:
Rezultati su deo projekta 680-00-00046/2017 koji je finansiralo Ministarstvo poljoprivrede, šumarstva i vodoprivrede Republike Srbije.

Sažetak
Razvoj korova i zemljišnih patogena u zaštićenom prostoru značajno smanjuje prinos gajenih kultura. Konvencionalne metode podrazumevaju suzbijanje zemljišnih patogena primenom hemijskih sredstava, kojim se zagađuju kako zemljište tako i vode. Alternativni metod je solarizacija - biološka dezinfekcija zemljišta primenom visokih temperatura pod uticajem sunčeve energije. U zaštićenom prostoru Instituta za povrtarstvo ispitivan je uticaj solarizacije na razvoj korova, kao i bolesti kod tri vrste povrća: paradajza, krastavca i paprike. Takođe je ispitivan i uticaj na prinos navedenih kultura. Rezultati su pokazali značajno manji razvoj korova nakon solarizacije, simptomi bolesti su bili ređi i blaži kod biljaka koje su uzgajane u solarizovanom plasteniku. Prinos sve tri vrste je bio značajno veći u plasteniku u kom je izvršena solarizacija. Kod paprike prinos je bio veći za 9,94%, kod paradajza za 4,37% i kod krastavca za 38,46% u odnosu na prinose u kontrolnom, nesolarizovanom plasteniku. Primena ove metode dezinfekcije zemljišta u zaštićenom prostoru je značajna kako za proizvođače tako i za selekcionere i semenare. Smanjuje se korišćenje hemijskih sredstava za dezinfekciju zemljišta i zaštitu bilja, što je u skladu sa principima sve više prisutne organske proizvodnje na našim područjima.
Reference
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/SelSem1902031P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 14.02.2020.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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