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2020, vol. 23, br. 80, str. 7-10
Komunikacija u fizioterapeutskoj praksi
Akademija strukovnih studija, Odsek Visoka zdravstvena škola, Beograd

e-adresajovanovicsstevan@gmail.com
Sažetak
Komunikacija se smatra najvažnijim aspektom prakse zdravstvenih radnika a komunikacioni odnos zdravstveni radnik-pacijent podrazumeva dve grupacije ljudi koje imaju različite pozicije odnosno, uloge koje određuju njihov interakcijski odnos. Proces komunikacije između fizioterapeuta i pacijenta sve se više prepoznaje i kao terapeutska praksa. Kroz komunikacione interakcije, fizioterapeuti mogu da obrazuju, motivišu, osnaže il oslobode, izraze empatiju ili autoritet, pokažu interes ili grade poverenje. U fizioterapiji, kao i u drugim zdravstvenim profesijama, orijentisanim prema pacijentu, biopsihosocijalni i njemu blizak, pristup u komunikaciji fokusiran na pacijenta su uspostavljeni kao vodiči i okviri za način na koji praktičari i treba da komuniciraju sa svojim pacijentima. Ovi komunikacioni modeli se koriste kako bi se podelila informacija kao i odgovornost ali i smanjile razlike u moc'i između zdravstvenog radnika-fizioterapeuta i pacijenta. U skladu sa tim, ovaj komunikacioni model je posebno usmeren na razumevanje potreba pacijenata i njihovog rešavanja u cilju što bolje perspektive svakog pacijenta. Razvijanje aktivne saradnje između pacijenta i terapeuta stvara odnos definisan kao "terapeutska alijansa" karakterisan empatijom, poverenjem i poštovanjem. Mnogi oblici tretmana koje sprovode fizioterapeuti ne mogu biti uspešni bez doprinosa pacijenta i njegove motivacije za saradnju kako tokom same komunikacione interakcije, tako i izvan nje. komunikacione veštine pozitivno utiču na pacijentovu psihologiju a time i fiziologiju jer su one neodvojive a odnos između fizioterapeuta i pacijenta tokom procesa rehabilitacije, budi osećaj "saputništva" na putu tokom kog se pruža prilika da se pacijent oslobodi svojih fizičkih, socijalnih i okolinskih ograničenja.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/sestRec2080007J
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 31.10.2020.
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