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2021, vol. 58, br. 2, str. 72-78
Uticaj tretmana posležetvene separacije na kvalitet etarskog ulja kamilice
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnološki fakultet
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za hemiju, tehnologiju i metalurgiju - IHTM
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Hemijski fakultet
eInstitut za opštu i fizičku hemiju, Beograd
fUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnološki fakultet + Euro Prima doo, Novi Sad

e-adresamilica.acimovic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Projekat:
451-03-9/2021-14/200032
Interreg - IPA CBC HUSRB 7190374270059

Ključne reči: etarsko ulje; lekovito bilje; Matricaria chamomilla; posležetvena prerada; primarna prerada; separacija
Sažetak
Ekološki uslovi proizvodnog područja, tehnologija gajenja kao i žetva, ali i posležetveni tretmani značajno utiču na prinos i kvalitet kamilice. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se odredi uticaj metoda separacije, kao posležetvenog tretmana, na kvalitet etarskog ulja, sa ciljem da se unapredi process primarne prerade ove lekovite biljke. Da bi se objasnila struktura laboratorijskih podataka, procenile i sagledale sličnosti i razlike između uzoraka etarskih ulja kamilice dobijenih primenom različitih metoda separacije, korišćena je PCA metoda. Dobijeni rezultati pokazuju da separacija sirovine kamilice kao posležetveni tretman koji prethodi sušenju, ima značajnog uticaja na broj identifikovanih komponenti u etarskom ulju, ali i njihov udeo. Najmanji broj pojedinačnih komponenti u etarskom ulju je imao uzorak cvetnih glavica sa kratkom drškom, pri čemu je zabeležen najveći sadržaj a-bisabolol, hamazulen, Z-spiroeter i E-b-famesen. U etarskom ulju dobijenom od biljne sirovine sa većim udelom stabla kamilice, sadržaj a-bisabolola i hamazulena je bio značajno niži, dok je sadržaj E-b-famesena i Z-spiroetera bio značajno viši. Dalje, u etarskom ulju dobijenom od bioljnog materijala bez separacije, zabeležen je najniži sadržaj abisabolola i Z-spiroetera, i najveći sadržaj E-b-farnesena. Analiza korelacije je izvedena da bi se ispitala sličnost u sadržaju aktivnih komponenti u etarskom ulju dobijenom primenom različitih procesa separacije kamilice. Svi rezultati ukazuju na značaj primene posležetvenih tretmana, jer se jasno vidi njihov uticaj na kvalitet etarskog ulja ove veoma važne lekovite biljke.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov58-33346
primljen: 30.06.2021.
prihvaćen: 01.09.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 10.09.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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