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2018, vol. 59, br. 1, str. 56-66
Biometrijske tehnike za ocenu stepena usvajanja toksičnih i esencijalnih elemenata
aInstitut za ispitivanje materijala Srbije - IMS, Beograd
bInstitut za opštu i fizičku hemiju, Beograd
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Tehnički fakultet u Boru
dInstitut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju, Bor

e-adresamilosevic_nevenka@yahoo.com
Ključne reči: podbel; maslačak; kopriva; toksični elementi; esencijalni elementi; biometrijski monitoring
Sažetak
Fokus ove studije je na biometrijsku klasifikaciju biljaka, biljnih organa, lokaliteta i vremena uzorkovanja, u smislu praćenja stepena usvajanja toksičanih (As, Cd, Hg i Pb) i esencijalnih elemenata (Cu i Zn), i mogućnost primene u fito-remedijaciji. Stepen usvajanja elemenata zavisi od biljne vrste i njenih morfoloških i fizioloških osobina. Usvajanje toksičnih i esencijalnih elemenata u ovom radu je praćeno kod tri vrste biljaka (podbel, maslačak i kopriva). Uzorkovanje biljaka i zemljišta je vršeno u priobalnom regionu Kriveljske reke, Srbija. Analiza glavnih komponenti i analiza varijanse su korišćene za procenu efekasnosti usvajanja toksičnih i esencijalnih elemenata kod pomenutih biljnih vrsta, biljnih organa (korena, stabla i lišća), lokaliteta i vremena uzorkovanja (april, maj, jun). Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da je razlika u usvajanju toksičnih i esencijalnih elemenata najviše zavisi od sorte i tipova biljnih organa. Biometrijske tehnike pružaju mogućnost za bolje razumevanje ponašanja biljaka i dobijanja mnogo korisnih informacija iz izvornih podataka.
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