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2020, vol. 15, br. 1, str. 7-18
Uticaj makroekonomskih determinanti i poreskog oblika na inflaciju u pojedinim balkanskim zemljama
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Ekonomski fakultet, Subotica

e-adresabranimir.kalas@ef.uns.ac.rs
Ključne reči: inflacija; makroekonomske determinante; panel model; balkanske zemlje
Sažetak
Cilj istraživanja je da se prikaže kako bruto domaći proizvod, nezaposlenost, realna kamatna stopa, štednja, državni rashodi i porez na dodatu vrednost utiču na inflaciju u posmatranim balkanskim zemljama za period 2008-2016. godine. Istraživanje ispituje uticaj makroekonomskih determinanti na kretanje cena na opštem nivou, mereno godišnjom stopom inflacije. Posmatrane zemlje su Albanija, Bosna i Hercegovina, Hrvatska, Crna Gora, Severna Makedonija, Srbija i Slovenija. Ovaj rad uključuje model gde je inflacija zavisna promenjiva, dok bruto domaći proizvod, nezaposlenost, realna kamatna stopa, štednja, državni rashodi i porez na dodatu vrednost predstavljaju nezavisne promenjive. Autori su koristili LLC test i VIF test za stacionarnost i multikolinearnost, gde je potvrđeno da je model adekvatno dizajniran. Putem Hausman test-a, izabran je model fiksnog efekta gde je potvrđeno da bruto domaći proizvod, nezaposlenost i porez na dodatu vrednost imaju statistički značajan uticaj na inflaciju u poređenju sa ostalim posmatranim varijablama u modelu.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/sjm15-16685
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.06.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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