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2017, vol. 21, iss. 2, pp. 91-96
Different methods of equilibrium moisture content determination
aFaculty of Technical Sciences, University 'Mother Teresa' Skopje, Macedonia
bUniversity 'St. Kliment Ohridski', Faculty of Technical Sciences, Bitola, Macedonia
cUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture
Keywords: equilibrium moisture content; inverse method; pear; quince
In this paper, a faster and easier way, in comparison with classical methods, to determine the equilibrium moisture content in food materials is shown. The equilibrium moisture content is determined only experimentally, with determination of sorption isotherms. However, the key issue that is a condition for application of certain experimental method for determining of sorption isotherms is the reliability of experimental data obtained for equilibrium moisture content, as well as the time required to determine specific sorption isotherm. Despite numerous advantages of the static gravimetric method, the long time to achieve equilibrium moisture content of the sample is its main drawback and reason why the researchers use other techniques and methods. Out of these reasons came the idea to apply relatively fast and simple method to determine equilibrium moisture content in food materials, based on the values of average material temperature change obtained from experiments including convective drying kinetics. Furthermore, the resulting temperature response from the conducted experiments can be successfully used to determine unknown parameters in the models for calculation of equilibrium moisture content, by applying of inverse approach method that is an essential tool in modeling of heat and mass transfer processes for different food materials.
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article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/JPEA1702091L
published in SCIndeks: 12/06/2017

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