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2018, vol. 59, br. 1, str. 12-18
Kontrola mikotoksina u Republici Srbiji i Evropskoj uniji sa aspekta zakonske regulative
aNaučni institut za veterinarstvo 'Novi Sad', Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnološki fakultet

e-adresasandra@niv.ns.ac.rs
Sažetak
Prisustvo mikotoksina u hrani je važan faktor koji određuje njenu bezbednost. Bezbednost hrane u Srbiji je definisana i obuhvaćena Zakonom o bezbednosti hrane. Na osnovu ovog zakona, donet je niz pravilnika koji definišu maksimalno dozvoljene količine mikotoksina u različitim namirnicama i hrani za životinje. Takođe se pravilnicima definiše program monitoringa koji obuhvata kontrolu mikotoksina u mleku i hrani za životinje. Zakon određuje nadležnosti u kontroli različite hrane u različitim fazama proizvodnje i prometa. Službene laboratorije za kontrolu mikotoksina moraju biti akreditovane prema standardu SRPS ISO 17025, a u toku je izrada pravilnika o ovlašćivanju laboratorija. Sistem brzog upozoravanja za hranu i hranu za životinje obuhvaćen je pomenutim Zakonom kao i odgovarajućim pravilnikom, ali podaci nisu dostupni. Dalje usavršavanje i usaglašavanje zakonodavstva o kontroli mikotoksina i bezbednosti hrane sa evropskim zahtevima je neophodno zbog zaštite zdravlja ljudi i životinja, ali i radi neometanog i bržeg ekonomskog razvoja poljoprivrede i proizvodnje hrane u Srbiji.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/HraIsh1801012J
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 16.11.2019.