• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:0
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:0


article: 3 from 3  
Back back to result list
2015, vol. 60, iss. 3, pp. 247-261
Heritability and variance components of grain morphometric traits of bread wheat and durum wheat
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture
bMaize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun
cUniversity of Priština - Kosovska Mitrovica, Faculty of Agiculture, Lešak
dMegatrend University, Faculty of Biofarming, Bačka Topola
Study of the genetic basis of improving yield and quality of small grains in different environmental conditions (MESTD - 31092)

Keywords: wheat; variability; heritability; grain length; grain width; grain thickness
The aim of this work was to examine variability and broad-sense heritability of grain morphometric traits of 30 selected genotypes of bread wheat and durum wheat, in regard to their significant impact on yield and traits of milling, baking and processing quality. Trials with selected wheat assortment were set during 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 years at the three locations: Rimski Šančevi, Zemun Polje and Padinska Skela. Results of this investigation showed that the genotype was the most significant source of variation of grain length for bread and durum wheat with 91.1% and 46.3% of explained sum of squares, while the environment was the most important source of variation of grain width and grain thickness for bread wheat (44% and 41.2% of sum of squares) and durum wheat (42% and 44% of sum of squares). Broad-sense heritability was very high (> 90%) for grain length of bread and durum wheat, grain width of durum wheat and grain thickness of durum wheat. Broad-sense heritability was high for grain width and grain thickness of bread wheat, with the values of 83% and 88.8%, respectively. Considering the high obtained values of broad-sense heritability and dominance of the genetic component of variance of grain length, grain width and grain thickness of bread and durum wheat, the success of selection for increased values of these traits can be predicted.
Abebe, W., Bultosa, G., Lemessa, F. (2011) Grain and starch properties of six durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum Desf) varieties grown at Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, 2(1); 67-74
Berman, M., Bason, M.L., Ellison, R., Peden, G., Wrigley, C.W. (1996) Image analysis of the whole grains to screen for flour-milling yield in wheat breeding. Cereal Chemistry, 73: 323-327
Breseghello, F. (2005) Association Mapping of Kernel Size and Milling Quality in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars. Genetics, 172(2): 1165-1177
Breseghello, F., Sorrells, M.E. (2007) QTL analysis of kernel size and shape in two hexaploid wheat mapping populations. Field Crops Research, 101(2): 172-179
Brown, T.A., Jones, M.K., Powell, W., Allaby, R.G. (2009) The complex origins of domesticated crops in the Fertile Crescent. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24(2): 103-109
Campbell, K.G., Bergman, C.J., Gualberto, D.G., Anderson, J.A., Giroux, M.J., Hareland, G., Fulcher, R. G., Sorrells, M.E., Finney, P.L. (1999) Quantitative Trait Loci Associated with Kernel Traits in a Soft × Hard Wheat Cross. Crop Science, 39(4): 1184
Denčić, S., Malešević, M., Pržulj, N., Kondić-Špika, A. (2012) Nauka i praksa semenarstva strnih žita. Novi Sad: Vojvođanska akademija nauka i umetnosti - Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
Dholakia, B.B., Ammiraju, J.S.S., Singh, H., Lagu, M.D., Roder, M.S., Rao, V.S., Dhaliwal, H.S., Ranjekar, P.K., Gupta, V.S. (2003) Molecular marker analysis of kernel size and shape in bread wheat. Plant Breeding, 122(5): 392-395
Dodig, D. (2010) Wheat breeding for drought resistance. Belgrade: Serbian Genetic Society
Evers, A.D., Cox, R.I., Shaheedullah, M.Z., Withey, R.P. (1990) Predicting milling extraction rate by image analysis of wheat grains. Aspects of Applied Biology, 25: 417-426
Evers, A.D. (2000) Grain size and morphology: Implications for quality. in: Schofield D. [ed.] Wheat structure, biochemistry and functionality, London: Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 19-24
Falconer, D.S. (1981) Introduction to quantitative genetics. London: Longman
Gegas, V.C., Nazari, A., Griffiths, S., Simmonds, J., Fish, L., Orford, S., Sayers, L., Doonan, J.H., Snape, J.W. (2010) A Genetic Framework for Grain Size and Shape Variation in Wheat. Plant Cell, 22(4): 1046-1056
Hoseney, R.C. (1986) Principles of cereal science and technology. Minnesota: American Association of Cereal Chemists, Saint Paul
Khan, A.J., Ali, A., Azam, F.I., Zeb, A. (2007) Identification and isolation of low phytic acid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) inbred lines / mutants. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39(6); 2051-2058
Morgan, B.C., Dexter, J.E., Preston, K.R. (2000) Relationship of Kernel Size to Flour Water Absorption for Canada Western Red Spring Wheat. Cereal Chemistry, 77(3): 286-292
Prashant, R., Kadoo, N., Desale, C., Kore, P., Dhaliwal, H.S., Chhuneja, P., Gupta, V. (2012) Kernel morphometric traits in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) are modulated by intricate QTL × QTL and genotype × environment interactions. Journal of Cereal Science, 56(2): 432-439
Ramya, P., Chaubal, A., Kulkarni, K., Gupta, L., Kadoo, N., Dhaliwal, H.S., Chhuneja, P., Lagu, M., Gupt, V. (2010) QTL mapping of 1000-kernel weight, kernel length, and kernel width in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Applied Genetics, 51(4): 421-429
Statsoft (2009) Statistica for windows. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: StatSoft Inc
Troccoli, A., di Fonzo, N. (1999) Relationship Between Kernel Size Features and Test Weight in Triticum durum. Cereal Chemistry, 76(1): 45-49
Wiersma, J.J., Busch, R.H., Fulcher, G.G., Hareland, G.A. (2001) Recurrent Selection for Kernel Weight in Spring Wheat. Crop Science, 41(4): 999


article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2298/jas1503247b
published in SCIndeks: 25/10/2015
peer review method: double-blind

Related records

Selekcija i semenarstvo (2020)
The influence of year and location on grain yield and yield components in winter wheat
Đurić Nenad, et al.

Zb Inst ratar i povrt (2002)
Molecular markers and wheat breeding I: Theoretical aspects
Kobiljski Borislav Đ.

Zb Inst ratar i povrt (2007)
Inheritance of traits of silage maize hybrids
Sečanski Mile, et al.

show all [29]