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2016, vol. 68, br. 6, str. 7-19
Imigracija kao oblik savremenih pretnji zemljama Evropske unije
Univerzitet odbrane, Vojna akademija, Beograd
Ključne reči: migracije; imigranti; neregularna imigracija; pretnja; bezbednost; Evropska unija
Sažetak
Tokom istorije zabeleženo je više masovnih migracija stanovništva neke oblasti ili države, pa čak i celih naroda. Uzroci takvih pojava uvek su se mogli svrstati u dve osnovne grupe - potiskujuće (održavanje lične bezbednosti) i privlačeće ( težnja ka boljim uslovima života). Tokom poslednjih godina ratni sukobi i ekonomski uslovi u zemljama Bliskog istoka motivisali su veliki broj pripadnika tamošnjih naroda na pokret, usled čega su se javile masovne migracije stanovništva, uglavnom ka zemljama Evropske unije. Tokom vremena intenzitet migrantskih tokova narastao je do mere da su počeli da predstavljaju ometajući faktor po funkcionisanje tranzitnih i odredišnih država. Pojava imigracije predstavlja određeni izazov ili pretnju posmatrano sa bilo kog aspekta. Ta činjenica iznudila je reakcije svih država u lancu, radi adaptiranja novonastalim uslovima i smanjenja negativnog uticaja. Kako je, u novijoj istoriji, ovako masovna migracija prvi put zabeležena, neiskustvo upravnog aparata Evropske unije dovelo je do rešenja koja su se, za sada u praksi, pokazala kao nedelotvorna. Ovaj rad ima za cilj da delimično sagleda uticaj migrantske krize na ključne aspekte Evropske unije - bezbednosni, ekonomski, kulturološki i demografski.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/vojdelo1606007M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.12.2017.

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