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2020, vol. 70, br. 1, str. 7-16
Pregled, analiza i istraživanja mogućnosti primene novih tehnologija u procesu demilitarizacije ubojnih sredstava
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Fakultet inženjerskih nauka
bUniverzitet odbrane, Vojna akademija, Beograd

e-adresasdjuric@kg.ac.rs
Sažetak
Klasični postupci demilitarizacije ubojnih sredstava predstavljaju operacije visokog rizika, primarno za radno osoblje i operatere, a zatim i za ceo sistem pirotehničke bezbednosti. Pored faktora bezbednosti, visok nivo štetnih dejstava klasični postupci demilitarizacije emituju na ekosistem i životnu sredinu. Klasični postupci demilitarizacije u velikoj meri ograničavaju delaboraciju ubojnih sredstava zbog zastarele tehnologije, pa se veliki broj artikala uklanja postupkom uništavanja. Metode uništavanja ubojnih sredstava, sa aspekta zaštite ekosistema u potpunosti su neprihvatljive. Razvoj i primena novih tehnologija koje su danas široko rasprostranjene u drugim oblastima predstavlja mogućnost rešavanja ključnih problema. Iz oblasti nekonvencionalnih postupaka obrade svakako prednjače tehnologije na bazi vodenog mlaza koje predstavljaju netermalne metode i tokom procesa ne dovode do termičkih promena materijala. Bitan faktor kod ovih tehnologija je što su one kao takve u potpunosti razvijene i poznate, sa svim definisanim uticajnim faktorima, koje je moguće varirati. Za primenu ove tehnologije za potrebe delaboracije potrebno je postojeće sisteme modifikovati i usaglasiti sa zahtevima procesa delaboracije. Analizom i pregledom postojećih istraživanja u svetu izražen je trend težnje usvajanju novih i ekološki prihvatljivih tehnologija. Razvojem novih tehnologija znatno se proširuje asortiman ubojnih sredstava koji se može delaborisati, čime se potreba za uništavanjem ovih sredstava znatno smanjuje. Osnovni cilj ovog rada je sagledavanje svih uticajnih faktora koji su kritični u procesu delaboracije primenom klasičnih postupaka. Na osnovu identifikovanih kritičnih faktora iz oblasti klasičnih postupaka delaboracije, potrebno je sagledati mogućnost primene novih tehnologija kako bi se proces delaboracije modernizovao i pre svega učinio bezbednim i ekološki prihvatljivim.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/str2001007D
primljen: 25.02.2020.
prihvaćen: 05.05.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.04.2021.
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