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2011, iss. 33, pp. 87-101
Principles of bioclimatic architecture applied at the project of Spa center at Stara Planina mountain
Institute of Architecture and Regional and Urban Planning of Serbia, Belgrade,
Spatial, environmental, energy and social aspects of developing settlements and climate change – mutual impacts (MESTD - 36035)

Keywords: bioclimatic planning and designing; energy efficiency; Spa and wellness; tourism; Stara Planina
Application of bioclimatic parameters in the design of tourist objects is an important factor for reducing energy consumption and preserving the environment. It represents the response to constant changing of climate conditions. Given the fact that development of tourism has negative consequences on the environment, it is necessary to examine the way design process can affect the reduction of energy and environmental pollution. This paper analyzes the principles of bioclimatic planning and design of the Spa Center at the Balkan Mountain that is one of the most valuable ecosystems in Serbia. Adaptation to the existing climate change was analyzed on two levels. The first level was urban factors that include analysis of local climate and environment that affect the positioning of the object and preliminary form. The second level was architecture factors with technical and technological solutions that can be achieved through the application of climate and energy responsible designing. Final analyses indicate that the bioclimatic approach is necessary in the initial stage of setting preliminary design for the building, because later it would take more effort to install technology that requires time and the whole process makes much more expensive. The work indicates that the energy needs of optimized Spa center like represented, from the very beginning of planning and designing, can be drastically reduced.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
DOI: 10.5937/arhurb1133087M
published in SCIndeks: 07/03/2012
peer review method: double-blind