Metrics

  • citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:6
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:5

Contents

article: 2 from 3  
Back back to result list
2020, vol. 58, iss. 3, pp. 141-155
Evolution of case law regarding the interpretation of the secondary liability standard in U.S. trademark law
Institute of Comparative Law, Belgrade

emailj.ceranic@iup.rs
Keywords: Secondary Liability Standard; Case Law; US Law; Trademark Infringement; Online Service Provider
Abstract
Secondary liability, according to the general rules on liability, is based on the issue of conscientiousness, in other words whether the intermediary knew or should have known that the right was infringed through his service. In U.S. law, the secondary liability standard is a result of case law. This paper presents the evolution of case law regarding the interpretation of secondary liability standard in U.S. trademark law. This standard was announced by the U.S. Supreme Court in Inwood Laboratories Inc. v. Ives Laboratories Inc. regarding the liability of manufacturers and distributors. In the decades that followed, the U.S. Courts, with their creative interpretations, extended the scope of application of this standard, first to intermediary market operators, and later to online service providers (internet intermediaries). Also, the development of digital technology has influenced the case law to adapt the secondary liability standard for trademark infringement to the new circumstances in the digital environment. The most significant cases in this context are Hard Rock Café Licensing v. Concession Services, Inc., Tiffany Inc. v. eBay Inc. and Rosetta Stone Ltd. v. Google Inc. Finally, 1-800 Contacts, Inc. v. Lens.com, Inc. demonstrates a slight turn of the U.S. Courts' practices towards a more flexible interpretation of secondary liability standard to online service providers.
References
Brogan, K.M. (2013) Rosetta Stone Ltd. v. Google Incorporated: Trademarking Language: Google's Adwords and the Value of Online Searching. Law School Student Scholarship, 2013, dostupno na adresi: https://scholarship.shu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&articl=1393&context=student_scholarship, 29. 7. 2
Ćeranić, J. (2018) Specifičnosti režima odgovornosti internet posrednika za povredu žiga u pravu SAD i EU. in: Popović Dušan [ed.] Intelektualna svojina i internet, Beograd: Univerzitet u Beogradu-Pravni fakultet
Ćeranić-Perišić, J. (2020) Odgovornost internet posrednika za povredu žiga. Beograd: Institut za uporedno pravo
Dinwoodie, G.B. (2017) A Comparative Analysis of the Secondary Liability of Online Service Providers. in: Dinwoodie Graeme B. [ed.] Secondary Liability of Internet Service Providers, Cham: Springer
Dinwoodie, G.B. (2014) Secondary Liability for Online Trademark Infringement: The International Landscape. Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts, Vol. 37, Nr. 4
Dogan, S.L. (2014) Principled Standards vs. Boundless Discretion: A Tale of Two Approaches to Intermediary Trademark Liability Online. Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts, Vol. 37, Nr. 4
Levin, E. (2009) A Safe Harbour for Trademark: Reevaluating Secondary Trademark Liability after Tiffany v. eBay. Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 24, Nr. 1
Marie, B.K. (2013) Rosetta Stone Ltd. v. Google Incorporated: Trademarking Language: Google's Adwords and the Value of Online Searching. Law School Student Scholarship, dostupno na adresi: https://scholarship.shu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgireferer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&articl=1393 &context=student_scholarship, 29. 7. 2020
Rimmer, M. (2011) Breakfast at Tiffany's: eBay Inc, Trade Mark Law and Counterfeiting. Journal of Law, Information & Science, Nr. 1
Riordan, J. (2017) Website Blocking Injunctions under United Kingdom and European Law. in: Dinwoodie Graeme B. [ed.] Secondary Liability of Internet Service Providers, Cham: Springer
Saunders, K.M., Berger-Walliser, G. (2011) The Liability of Online Markets for Counterfeit Goods: A Comparative Analysis of Secondary Trademark Infringement in the United States and Europe. Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Vol. 32, Nr. 37
 

About

article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.5937/PiP2003141C
received: 31/07/2020
accepted: 10/09/2020
published in SCIndeks: 09/10/2020