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Povezanost vremenskih perspektiva, sociodemografskih varijabli i zadovoljstva životom
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresapsihologija.ana@gmail.com
Ključne reči: vremenske perspektive; zadovoljstvo životom; socioekonomski status; pol; uzrast
Sažetak
Problem ovog istraživanja je ispitivanje odnosa dominantnih vremenskih perspektivai sociodemografskih varijabli, s jedne strane, i nivoa zadovoljstva životom, s druge strane, a cilj je da ispitamo mogućnost uspešnog predviđanja zadovoljstva životom u zavisnosti od šest dimenzija vremenske orijentacije (pozitivna prošlost, negativna prošlost, hedonisticka sadašnjost, fatalistička sadašnjost, pozitivna budućnost, negativna budućnost), pola, uzrasta i socioekonomskog statusa. Uzorak je obuhvatio 136 ispitanika uzrasta od 18 do 60 godina (M=32). Dimenzije vremenske perspektive su operacionalizovane skraćenom verzijom Zimbardovog upitnika sa 18 ajtema, konstrukt zadovoljstva životom skalom koja meri istoimenu varijablu, čiji su autori Diener i saradnici (1985). Pretpostavljenim modelom koji uključuje šest dimenzija vremenske perspektive, pol, uzrast i socioekonomski status, moguće je objasniti 36% varijanse zadovoljstva životom. Od nabrojanih prediktora, socioekonomski status, pol, negativna orijentacija prema prošlosti, fatalistička orijentacija prema sadašnjosti i negativna orijentacija prema budućnosti značajno doprinose objašnjenju varijanse zadovoljstva životom. Negativni aspekti vremenske orijentacije su (prema rezultatima istraživanja) bolji prediktori zadovoljstva životom od pozitivnih, jer podrazumevaju depresivnu poziciju, robovanje neuspesima i frustraciji, beskrajno recikliranje loše prošlosti, doživljaj sebe kao pasivnog aktera koji je nemoćan da bilo šta promeni, uverenje da su igre unapred nameštene i da su mogući samo negativni ishodi, što vodi pojačavanju maladaptivnih obrazaca mišljenja i ponašanja i povlačenju iz životnih borbi. Ishod je neuspeh i nezadovoljstvo životom, što pojačava depresivne ruminacije i vodi još negativnijem sagledavanju sebe, vlastitog iskustva i eventualnih šansi u budućnosti.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/univmis2019001S
primljen: 10.11.2020.
prihvaćen: 28.12.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.03.2021.