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2022, vol. 47, br. 1, str. 5-10
Procjena uticaja religioznosti i egistencijalnog blagostanja na konzumiranje alkohola odraslog stanovništva pravoslavne vjeroistpovjesti
Dom zdravlja Krupa na Uni, Republika Srpska, BiH
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj: Prekomjerno konzumiranje alkohola je značajan javnozdravstveni problem. Individualan stav prema religiji i bogu kao i razina percipiranog značenja vlastitog života predstavljaju važan prediktor širokog spektra stavova i ponašanja uključujući i konzumiranje alkohola. Istraživanje je imalo za cilj da utvrdi učestalost konzumiranja alkohola odraslih osoba pravoslavne vjeroispovjesti i da proceni povezanost utvrđene konzumacije sa religioznošću i egzistencionalnim blagostanjem. Metode: Ispitivanje je kao studija presjeka sprovedeno u periodu od tri mjeseca, od 1. 8. 2021. do 1. 11. 2021. godine. Uzorak su činile 103 slučajno odabrane odrasle osobe, 57 (55,3%) muškaraca i 46 (44,7%) žena, prosječne starosti 44,7 ± 10,45 godina. Instrument istraživanja bili su upitnik za identifikaciju poremećaja uzrokovanih alkoholom (engl. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, AUDIT) i dvije subskale upitnika duhovnog blagostanja (engl. Spiritual Well-Being Scale, SWBS): subskala religioznosti (engl. Religious Well-Being, RWB) i subskala egzistencijalnog blagostanja (engl. Existential well-being, EWB). U statističkoj analizi podataka primjenjene su tabele kontingencije. Rezultati: Alkohol nije konzumirao 21 (20,4%) ispitanik, dok su ga 82 (79,6%) konzumirala s različitom učestalošću (niskorizično pijenje 53,4%, rizično pijenje 16,5%, štetno pijenje 2,9% i zloupotreba alkohola 6,8%). Umjerenu religioznost posjedovalo je 68% ispitanika, nisku 3,9% i visoku 29,1%. Umjereno egzistencijalno blagostanje ostvarilo je 68% ispitanika, visoko 24,2% i nisko 7,8%. Utvrđena je visoko značajna statistička povezanost na nivou p < 0,0001 obrasca konzumiranja alkohola sa religioznošću i egzistencijalnim blagostanjem ispitanika. Zaključak: Gotovo 80% učesnika u istraživanju konzumira alkohol, od čega njih dvije trećine u okviru niskorizičnog pijenja. Učesnici sa intenzivnom religioznošću kao i visokim egzistencijalnim blagostanjem signifikantno manje ili nikada ne konzumiraju alkohol, u odnosu na ispitanike sa umjerenom ili niskom religioznošću i egzistencijalnim blagostanjem.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/tmg2201005J
primljen: 14.02.2022.
objavljen onlajn: 19.05.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 28.05.2022.

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