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Razlozi i determinante nepovjerenja u vakcinu protiv COVID 19
Dom zdravlja Krupa na Uni, Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina

e-adresamarijanajandrickocic@gmail.com
Ključne reči: vakcinacija; COVID 19; nepovjerenje
Sažetak
Uvod: Nepovjerenje u vakcinu protiv COVID 19 predstavlja globalni javnozdravstveni problem. Uslovljeno je sumnjom u efikasnost vakcine, strahom od nepredvidivih budućih učinaka vakcine i preferencijom prirodnog imuniteta. Cilj rada: Istraživanje je imalo za cilj evaluirati prediktore oklijevanja sa vakcinacijom protiv COVID-19 u nevakcinisanog odraslog stanovništva, te utvrditi njihovu uvjetovanost sociodemografskim faktorima. Metode: Istraživanje je kao epidemiološka studija preseka sprovedeno u Domu zdravlja Krupa na Uni u periodu od 15.03.2021. do 15.05.2022. Studijski uzorak su činile 174 osobe, 78 žena i 96 muškaraca prosječne starosti 54,8 ± 13,43 godine. Instrument istraživanja bili su sociodemografski upitnik i upitnik za utvrđivanje stavova o vakcinaciji. U statističkoj analizi podataka primjenjeni su Studentov t-test i ANOVA test. Rezultati: U sposobnost vakcine da obezbjedi zaštitu od klinički manifestne bolesti je vjerovalo 83,33% ispitanika, od asimptomatske infekcije 61,49%, od ozbiljnih komplikacija bolesti 59,77%. 94,40% ispitanika je smatralo da će vakcine imati neželjene efekte u budućnosti, 99,33% da postoje neotkriveni neženi efekti, 90,23% da rezultuje nuspojavama u djece. U veću sigurnost prirodnog imunitetA vjerovalo je 90,23% ispitanika, duže trajanje 88,51%, veću efikasnost 57,48%. Zaključak: Izuzetno visoko nepovjerenje u sigurnost vakcije predstavljalo je najvažniju odredbu u odluci ispitanika da se ne vakcinišu protiv COVID 19. S druge strane, tek nešto više od polovine ispitanika je vjerovalo da vakcina štiti od ozbiljnih komplikacija bolesti i smatralo da je prirodni imunitet efikasniji od vakcinacije protiv COVID 19. Osim nešto višeg u efikasnost vakcine u fakultetski obrazovanih ispitanika i ispitanika koji su u radnom odnosu, sociodemografski faktori nisu imali statistički značajan učinak na stavove ispitanika o vakcini protiv COVID 19.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/mgiszm2284090J
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.03.2022.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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