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2012, vol. 49, br. 1, str. 80-85
Prinos i produktivnost utrošene vode navodnjavane soje u klimatskim uslovima Vojvodine
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
cAgricultural Institute, Osijek, Croatia
dJosip Juraj Strossmayer University, Faculty of Agriculture, Osijek, Croatia

e-adresapejic@polj.uns.ac.rs
Ključne reči: soja; prinos; navodnjavanje; produktivnost korišćenja vode (WUE)
Sažetak
Eksperimentalna istraživanja su obavljena na oglednom polju Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo na Rimskim Šančevima, na zemljištu tipa karbonatni černozem lesne terase u periodu od 1993-2004. godine. U ogledu su bile zastupljene varijanta sa navodnjavanjem i kontrolna varijanta bez navodnjavanja. Utvrđen je efekat navodnjavanja na prinos soje, kao i produktivnost potrošnje vode obračunom koeficijenta produktivnosti vode utrošene evapotranspiracijom biljaka (ETwue) i vode utrošene navodnjavanjem (Iwue). Prinos soje u uslovima navodnjavanja (4,559 t ha-1) je bio visoko signifikantno veći u odnosu na kontrolnu, nenavodnjavanu varijantu (3,739 t ha-1). Prosečno povećanje prinosa u uslovima navodnjavanja je bilo 0,82 t ha-1, a kretalo se u intervalu od 2,465 t ha-1 u sušnim godinama (2003) do 0 t ha-1 u kišnim godinama (1996, 1997, 1999). Prosečna vrednost ETwue je bila 0,66 kg m-3, a kretala se u intervalu od 0,11 to 1,36 kg m-3. Vrednost Iwue koeficijenta je u proseku bila 0,56 kg m-3 sa vrednostima u intervalu 0,11 do 1,04 kg m-3. Efekat navodnjavanja na povećanje prinosa soje kao i utvrđene vrednosti ETwue i Iwue, podudarne sa podacima iz literature, ukazuju da je realizovan racionalan zalivni režim soje prilagođen potrebama biljaka za vodom i vodno-fizičkim svojstvima zemljišta. Utvrđene vrednosti produktivnosti utrošene vode evapotranspiracijom (ETwue) i navodnjavanjem (Iwue) mogu biti korišćene pri projektovanju sistema za navodnjavanje, kao i za unapređenje tehnologije proizvodnje soje u regionu.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov49-1141
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.04.2012.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman

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