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2013, vol. 19, br. 3, str. 115-124
Imunizacija imunodeficijentnih lica
aSanofi Pasteur, Sanofi Aventis, Beograd
bGradski Zavod za hitnu medicinsku pomoć, Beograd
cKlinički centar Srbije, Klinika za alergologiju i imunologiju, Beograd
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, KBC 'Dr Dragiša Mišović'
Ključne reči: imunodeficijencije; vakcinacija; imunizacija
Sažetak
Imunizacija je proces sticanja aktivnog imuniteta kroz kontakt sa imunobiološkim preparatima sadržanim u vakcini. Rizik da se čovek inficira i oboli zavisi od uzrasta, zdravstvenog stanja, stanja imunog sistema, postojanja pridruženih bolesti i nivoa ekspozicije infektivnim agensima. Vakcinacija predstavlja najbolju specifičnu meru prevencije infektivnih bolesti. Sve veći broj imunokompromitovanih pacijenata otvara novo poglavlje u oblasti vakcinacije. Imunokompromitivani pacijenti su u značajno većem riziku od infekcije u odnosu na zdravu populaciji; studije su pokazale značajno veću stopu mortaliteta i morbiditeta kod ove populacije kao i značajno lošiji odgovor na standradnu antimikrobnu terapiju. Vakcianciji imunodeficijentnih lica se mora pristupati individualno. Rizik i korist razmatrati individualno i pri svakom pregledu ceniti ponovo, imajući u vidu prethodna saznanja.
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jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 29.01.2014.

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