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2014, vol. 29, br. 1, str. 21-34
Hlorofil kao merilo zdravlja biljaka - agroekološki aspekti
aInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
bInstitut za vodoprivredu 'Jaroslav Černi', Beograd

e-adresabogdannik@mail2world.com
Projekat:
Razrada integrisanog upravljanja i primene savremenih principa suzbijanja štetnih organizama u zaštiti bilja (MPNTR - 31018)
Integralni sistemi gajenja ratarskih useva: očuvanje biodiverziteta i plodnosti zemljišta (MPNTR - 31037)

Ključne reči: hlorofili; fotosinteza; zdravlje biljaka
Sažetak
Kako je proces fotosinteze osnovni proces tokom kojeg se svetlosna energija apsorbuje i konvertuje u organsku materiju, ključni je značaj postojanja biljnog pigmenta hlorofila (a i b forma) kao posrednika u transformaciji apsorbovane svetlosne energije i njegove aktivnosti u procesu fotosinteze i sinteze organskih materija kod biljaka. Stoga je u radu dat pregled metoda za praćenje optičke aktivnosti molekula hlorofila, kao i metoda (nedestruktivnih i destruktivnih) kvantifikacije hlorofila u biljkama. Ove metode se primenjuju u proceni uticaja različitih stresnih faktora (abiotskih, biotskih i ksenobiotskih) na efikasnost fotosinteze i bioproduktivnost biljaka, sa ciljem procenjivanja uticaja koji ovi ograničavajući faktori imaju na prinos useva. Takođe, pomenute metode za analizu optičke aktivnosti i/ili sadržaja hlorofila su odgovarajuće i za procenu reakcije korova na različite poljoprivredne prakse (mineralna ishrana, primena herbicida i sl.) i ispitivanje različitih aspekata ekofiziologije korova i procenu njihovog uticaja na prinos useva.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1401021P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 04.07.2014.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman