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2013, vol. 38, iss. 2, pp. 82-88
Self-medication of patients at the practitioners' of the Health Care Centre, Doljevac
aSlužba za zdravstvenu zaštitu odraslog stanovništva, Dom zdravlja, Doljevac
bUniveristy of Niš, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Biomedical Research
cSlužba za zdravstvenu zaštitu predškolske i školske dece sa medicinom sporta i savetovalištem za mlade, Zdravstveni centar, Knjaževac
dSlužba za zdravstvenu zaštitu dece, školske dece i omladine, Dom zdravlja, Bela Palanka

emailmilosbogoslovic@gmail.com
Abstract
Introduction: self-medication is the use of drugs to treat the symptoms and/or diseases diagnosed by a patient himself or as a continuous or intermittent use of drugs for the treatment of chronic or recurrent ailments or symptoms. Aim: to demonstrate and examine the prevalence of self-medication, to determine the relation to age and sex of patients treated at the Health Care Centre Doljevac, infirmary Belotinac. Method: the survey was conducted on the patients aging over 18 who visited their physicians during January 2013. The data collected through specially designed questionnaires were analyzed. Results: of the total number of respondents (782) who saw their practitioners in January 2013 in this infirmary, 81.33% was at least once self-treated. Self-treated patients were statistically of dominant older age, and self-treatment was more often practiced by females (78.30%) as compared to males (21.70%). The largest percentage of respondents resorted to the use of pain medications (43.40%), then tranquilizers (33.02%), antibiotics (13.21%), herbal preparations (10.37%). The most frequently cited reason for self-treatment was the availability of drugs and medications without a prescription at pharmacies. Conclusion: the study of patients of the Health Care Centre Doljevac, infirmary Belotinac, showed that there was a large number of self-treated patients. What one should be worried about is the fact that more than half of the respondents used drugs as a form of self-treatment without medical supervision. The task of a chosen physician is not only the reduction of self-treatment in patients, but also raising the awareness of potential risks when taking medications on one's own, instructing patients on self-treatment and complying with current recommendations.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Original Paper
published in SCIndeks: 10/12/2013