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2009, vol. 3, iss. 3, pp. 587-601
Actual problems for building of social care network in Asia
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Political Sciences
Keywords: Asia; poverty; social protection; urbanization; social care networks
Asia, which in time of globalization attracts extreme attention of researchers, politicians, businessmen, but also of humanitarian workers, is not only the most dynamic economic region of the world, but also the region inhabited by a billion and eight hundred million the poorest people of the planet, who survive with two American dollars per day. The causes of the phenomenon of absolute poverty in Asian states are generally similar, as well as similar are the consequences which they leave on societies that create them. What is particularly worrying concerning the phenomenon of poverty in Asia is that it is increasing and that some actual processes enhance it, like the acute world economic crisis, increase of prices of food and climatic changes, through the so-called 'triple threat'. Particularly worrying is that high growth of economy does not lead to reduction of poverty, but to extreme inequality, which deepens it, leading in a long run to instability - economic, social and political. And while earlier the phenomenon of poverty in Asia was seen exclusively as a rural phenomenon, i.e. rural poverty, today the phenomenon of urban poverty and urban pauperism is equally the feature of this continent. The reverse side of this phenomenon reflects also in phenomena such are prostitution, including children's one, crime, large number of people ill from contagious and chronicle diseases, high level of death rate of children and newborns, high maternal mortality, rapid aging of population, chaotic urbanization and degradation of the environment, as well as the collapse of traditional social care networks. Although by the end of the 20th century the Southern, Southeast and Eastern Asia experienced accelerated urbanization which is still underway and due to which more than one billion of people already live in cities, even today over 60% of Asian population live in its rural areas, with majority of them in the status of absolute poverty. Therefore, mass of these peasants which are surplus of labour in villages starts the job-search, so that village poverty becomes city poverty. Pressures on weak or non-existing social care networks in Asia are numerous and most often interwoven, encumbering the strategic project of building this network in majority of its states. On the other hand, yet building a firm, universal and sustainable social care network is extremely important for the future of these states and societies.
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article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published in SCIndeks: 21/04/2010

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