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2011, vol. 63, iss. 2, pp. 286-296
Defense activity area as crisis management research subject
aUniversity of Defence, Military Academy, Belgrade
bMinistarstvo odbrane Republike Srbije
Keywords: crisis; phases of crisis; crisis management; defense activity
Abstract
The paper deals with the importance of the notion 'crisis', external manifestations of a crisis and disturbances manifested through behaviors and physiognomy, while morphological attributes remain relatively inconspicuous. It is also stated that crises have their origins and developmental character, and that the notion of crisis causes many ambiguities too. The paper also mentions some special properties of crisis, which significantly affect the crisis management activity area, from the aspect of defense activity in particular. The relevance and importance of studying the crises, as the subject area of the crisis management, should be understood in the context of a feeling that today we live in a crisis process that encloses the mankind and whose feature (the crisis) still faces us in a very complex form. The crisis to be overcome points to the areas of objective competence, which should be taken into account as the crisis management activity. Most organizations and institutions are not created so as to be able to foresee crises or to efficiently manage them once they occur. They have neither mechanisms nor basic skills required for effective crisis management. The most important, managers and leaders of most organizations and institutions have not yet understood the need for 'new managerial and intellectual skills' required to manage the crises. Finally, whether the crisis management in the context of action can actually accept all challenges that a crisis involves, and whether a 'crisis' is always something else, not a set of difficulties to overcome, is covered by a segment of the paper which reflects the crisis management activity area. In the context of defense activities, from the aspect of the crisis management, the paper emphasizes that crises caused by human actions are not inevitable, i.e. they need not necessarily occur, and in that sense the public strongly criticizes the organizations responsible for their occurrence. In the conclusion, the paper emphasizes that the understanding of initial causes of the crisis occurrence, and of what can be done to manage the crises before, during, and after they occur, is the framework of the crisis management within the defense activity. Regardless of all above, even with the best frameworks, plans, and preparations, it is unfortunately the fact that all crises cannot be prevented. This has proved true, even for those crises which we know, with almost full likelihood, will happen. Nevertheless, the effect of any crisis may be reduced if those who deal with them possess at least basic knowledge in the area of the crisis management. While all crises cannot be predicted, nor each of them preempted, they all may be more efficiently managed, if we understand them and do our best in this concern, within the limits of human capabilities.
References
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Boin, A., Hart, P., Stern, E., Sundelius, B. (2005) The politics of crisis management: Public leadership under pressure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Brecher, M. (1993) Crises in worldpolitics: Theory and reality. Oxford: Pergamon Press
Hart, P., Rosenthal, U., Kouzmin, A. (1993) Crisis Decision Making: The Centralization Thesis Revisited. Administration & Society, 25(1): 12
Mihalski, K., ur. (1987) O krizi. Novi Sad: Književna zajednica Novog Sada
Milić, V. (1986) Sociologija saznanja. Sarajevo: Veselin Masleša
 

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article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published in SCIndeks: 21/02/2012

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