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2013, vol. 64, br. 3, str. 154-161
Uticaj različitih temperatura na klijanje semena Avena fatua L. i Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
cnema
dInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd
Projekat:
Razvoj integrisanih sistema upravljanja štetnim organizmima u biljnoj proizvodnji sa ciljem prevazilaženja rezistentnosti i unapređenja kvaliteta i bezbednosti hrane (MPNTR - 46008)

Ključne reči: temperature; divlji ovas (Avena fatua L.); ambrozija (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.); klijavost
Sažetak
Poznavanje ekologije semena korova je značajno za procenu potencijala invazivnosti neke korovske vrste, kao i za osmišljavanje efikasnih programa za suzbijanje korova. Divlji ovas (Avena fatua L.) i ambrozija (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) su dve veoma rasprostranjene korovske vrste na području Srbije, pa je stoga neophodno poznavanje ekologije semena ovih vrsta. Klijavost njihovog semena je ispitivana na različitim temperaturama (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 i 40ºC). Na osnovu svakodnevnog praćenja broja klijalih semena izračunata je stopa klijavosti, a 7 dana nakon postavljanja eksperimenta određen je finalni procenat klijavosti. Procenat klijavosti A. fatua je bio najveći pri temperaturi od 10ºC (90%), a najmanji pri temperaturi od 35ºC (6,87%), dok je stopa klijavosti bila najveća na temperaturi od 25ºC (7,9 klijalih semena/dan), a najmanja na temperaturi od 30ºC (0,79 klijalih semena/dan). Nasuprot tome, procenat klijavosti A. artemisiifolia je bio najveći pri temperaturi od 25ºC (30%), a najmanji pri temperaturi od 40ºC (2,08%), dok na temperaturama od 5 i 10ºC seme nije klijalo. Stopa klijavosti je bila najveća na temperaturi od 30ºC (7,84 klijalih semena/dan), a najmanja na temperaturi od 40ºC (0,7 klijalih semena/dan).
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.01.2014.