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2013, vol. 28, br. 3, str. 187-193
Uticaj temperature na klijanje semena Cuscuta campestris Yunk.
aInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
cInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
Projekat:
Razvoj integrisanih sistema upravljanja štetnim organizmima u biljnoj proizvodnji sa ciljem prevazilaženja rezistentnosti i unapređenja kvaliteta i bezbednosti hrane (MPNTR - 46008)
Proučavanje biljnih patogena, artropoda, korova i pesticida u cilju razvoja metoda bioracionalne zaštite bilja i proizvodnje bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 31043)

Ključne reči: Cuscuta campestris; stopa klijanja; dužina klijanaca; temperatura
Sažetak
Izučavanje bioloških karakteristika semena i uslova u kojima klijaju ima veliki značaj za planiranje i realizaciju racionalnih mera za kontrolu korova. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se ispita efekat različitih temperatura na klijanje semena C. campestris. U ogled su bila uključena tri tretmana (T1 - semena čuvana u laboratorijskim uslovima na temperaturi 22- 25°C, T2 - semena koja su prethodno 30 dana izlagana niskoj temperaturi (4°C), T3 - semena koja su skarifikovana koncentrovanom sumpornom kiselinom), pri čemu su svi tretmani ispitivani na sledećim temperaturama: 5°C, 10°C, 15°C, 20°C, 25°C, 30°C, 35°C, 40°C, 45°C. Svakodnevno, u periodu od deset dana, rađeno je prebrojavanje proklijalih semena, a poslednjeg dana su izmerene i dužine klijanaca. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da postoje značajne razlike u klijanju semena u odnosu na ispitivane temperature i tretmane. Semena nisu klijala na temperaturama od 5°C i 45°C ni u jednom od rađenih tretmana. Procenat klijanja se kretao od 6,25% do 96,88%, pri čemu je najveći procenat u sva tri tretmana zabeležen na temperaturi od 30°C.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF1303187S
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.11.2013.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman

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