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2010, vol. 34, iss. 3, pp. 761-814
Evolution and natural selection before Charles Darwin: Historical analysis of adumbrations, anticipations and direct influences on formulating a scientific idea (1)
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Philosophy
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 149013

Keywords: evolution; natural selection; evolutionism; Charles Darwin; scala naturae; spontaneous generation; progress; essentialism; teleology
The idea of evolution by natural selection represents one of the most important scientific and philosophical ideas in the history of mankind. Person with the most credit for formulating and elaborating this idea was Charles Darwin, although there were philosophers and scientists that came more or less close to its discovery. In this paper we present the conceptualizations of this idea before Darwin, as well as leading pre-Darwinian evolutionists.
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