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2019, vol. 41, br. 2, str. 50-67
Community attitudes towards the mentally ill in Serbia
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aKlinički centar Srbije, Klinika za psihijatriju, Beograd
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet
cUniverzitet odbrane, Medicinski fakultet Vojnomedicinske akademije, Beograd
dUniverzitet odbrane, Medicinski fakultet Vojnomedicinske akademije, Beograd + Vojnomedicinska akademija, Klinika za psihijatriju, Beograd
eKlinički centar Srbije, Klinika za psihijatriju, Beograd + Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresastefan.jerotic@gmail.com
Ključne reči: deinstitucionalizacija; društvena stigma; autoritarnost; blagonaklonost
Sažetak
Uvod. Uključivanje i integracija osoba sa psihičkim smetnjama u zajednicu predstavlja jedan od osnovnih ciljeva unapređenja zaštite duševnog zdravlja i društvene rehabilitacije. Ključan koncept u reformi sistema mentalnog zdravlja, kada su u pitanju zemlje zapadnog sveta, podrazumeva deinstitucionalizaciju. Imajući navedeno u vidu, uspeh strategija za implementaciju deinstitucionalizacije u značajnoj meri zavisi od stavova opšte populacije prema osobama sa duševnim smetnjama. Takođe, studenti medicinskog fakulteta tokom svog obrazovanja stiču određena znanja o problemima mentalnog zdravlja. Oni, kao budući profesionalci, učestvuju u stvaranju i prenošenju stavova u zajednicu o osobama sa psihičkim smetnjama. Cilj. Ispitivanje stavova u zajednici prema osobama sa duševnim smetnjama u reprezentativnom uzorku opšte populacije i kod studenata dva medicinska fakulteta u Srbiji. Metod. Ova studija preseka je obuhvatila 1068 ispitanika: 562 studenta medicinskog fakulteta i 506 subjekata iz opšte populacije. Ispitivanje stavova je izrvšeno primenom instrumenta "Stavovi u zajednici prema osobama sa duševnim smetnjama" ("Community attitudes towards the mentally ill"). Četiri dimenzije stavova, izvedenih iz skale, su analizirani: autoritaronost, blagonaklonost, socijalna ograničenja i odnos prema ideji mentalnog zdravlja u zajednici. Rezultati. Studenti medicine su imali povoljnije stavove u odnosu na opštu populaciju na svim dimenzijama skale. U opštoj populaciji, niži broj godina obrazovanja je bio povezan sa višim nivoima autoritarnih stavova. Nezavisno od grupe, ženski pol je bio dosledno povezivan sa višim nivoima blagonaklonosti. Zaključak. Sveukupno, prisutni su pozitivni stavovi u zajednici prema osobama sa duševnim smetnjama u Srbiji. Ovaj nalaz sugeriše da, u trenutku pokretanja legislative za bolju integraciju osoba sa duševnim smetnjama u širu zajednicu, možemo očekivati brze i značajne rezultate usled društveno povoljnih okolnosti.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/engrami1902050J
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 15.10.2019.

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