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2019, vol. 22, br. 1, str. 115-134
(A)moralni aspekti stavova prema imigrantima - uloga Mračne Tetrade i Moralnih Osnova
Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja, Beograd
Ključne reči: moralnost; imigranti; stavovi; Mračna Tetrada; Moralne Osnove
Sažetak
Imigracija i izbeglička kriza predstavljaju jedan od glavnih problema sa kojima se trenutno suočavaju mnoge evropske zemlje, uključujući i one u tranziciji kao što je Srbija. Reakcije na imigrante i izbeglice sa Bliskog istoka i severne Afrike su oštro podeljene i upućuju na pitanje moralnih aspekata stavova prema izbeglicama. U poslednje vreme, ljudska (a)moralnost je počela da se istražuje pomoću koncepata Mračne Tetrade i Moralnih Osnova. Cilj ovog istraživanja je da ispita ulogu Mračne Tetrade i Moralnih Osnova u razumevanju opštih i specifičnih, situaciono određenih, prosocijalnih stavova prema imigrantima. Rezultati studije (N=629 ispitanika iz Srbije) pokazali su da Povreda/Briga i Poštenje/Reciprocitet (Individualizirajuće Moralne Osnove) negativno koreliraju sa crtama Mračne Tetrade. Sa druge strane, Unutargrupna/Lojalnost, Autoritet/Poštovanje i Čistota/ Svetost (Vezujuće Moralne Osnove) pozitivno koreliraju sa ovim crtama. Opšti stav prema imigrantima je objašnjen pre svega pomoću Moralnih Osnova: pozitivni efekat Povrede/Brige i negativni efekti Autoritet/Poštovanja i Čistote/Svetosti su detektovani, zajedno sa marginalnim efektima Makijavelizma. Specifični stav prema imigrantima je objašnjen i pomoću Mračne Tetrade i pomoću Moralnih Osnova. Detektovani su očekivani pozitivni efekti Poštenja/Reciprociteta i negativni efekti sadizma i Čistote/Svetosti. Takođe, pokazano je da Moralne osnove posreduju u odnosima između Mračne Tetrade i stavova prema imigrantima. Jedino narcizam i sadizam su imali direktne efekte na stavove prema imigrantima. Vezujuće Osnove amplifikuju dok Individualizirajuće osnove umanjuju negativne efekte Mračne Tetrade kako na generalne tako i na specifične stavove prema imigrantima. Ovi nalazi sugerišu da kad ljudi precipiraju "druge" kao pretnju grupi kojoj pripadaju, formalne granice moralnosti slabe što dovodi do ispoljavanja čak i najmalicioznijih crta ličnosti.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/PSISTRA22-19024
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.07.2019.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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