• citations in SCIndeks: [4]
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:6
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:0


article: 2 from 2  
Back back to result list
2008, vol. 32, iss. 4, pp. 691-712
Security and environment: How to connect them?
University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty, Bor
Keywords: environmental issue; security; state-centristic approach; non-state centristic approach
Global degradation processes now occupy a prominent position in international affairs and are recognized as a legitimate concern of security studies. Numerous scholars, policy-makers, and activists alike have suggested broadening of the security concept beyond its traditional geo-political and military forms in such a way that it should also consider environmental threats that seriously jeopardize human well-being. This article analyzes conceptual and theoretical arguments that have been made for the incorporation of environmental issues in traditional concepts - such as the notion of national security, non-traditional concepts of security, and the notion of human security. Strategies for incorporation of environmental issues in various security concepts are distinguished on the basis of whether they are: (1) a threat to a state or non-state referent such as society, groups, and individuals, or, (2) related or to the military sector or not. Based on a critical analysis of the current security conceptions, a pluralistic theoretical approach is proposed as the most appropriate strategy for research in the area of international environmental security.
*** (1994) United Nations programme development: Human development report. New York: Oxford University Press
Andevski, M. (2006) Etička utemeljenost održivog razvoja. Teme, vol. 30, br. 3, str. 411-426
Barnett, J. (2001) The meaning of environmental security: Ecological politics and policy in the new security era. London - New York: Zed Books
Barnett, J. (2000) Destabilizing the environment-conflict thesis. Review of International Relations, 26(2): 271-288
Beck, U. (1999) World risk society. Cambridge: Polity Press
Braden, A.R. (2000) Environmental security: Concept and implementation. American Political Science Review, 21, (1), 5-21
Brown, L. (1977) Redefining security. in: Worldwatch Paper, Washington DC: Worldwatch Institute, No. 14
Carsten, R.F. (1997) Three generations of environmental and security research. Journal of Peace Research, 34, (4), 473-482
Collier, D., Levitsky, S. (1997) Democracy with adjectives: Conceptual innovation in comparative research. World Politics, 49, (3), 430-451
Cutter, S.L. (1996) Vulnerability to environmental hazards. Progress in Human Geography, 20(4), str. 529-539
Dalby, S. (2000) Geopolitics and ecology: Rethinking the contexts of environmental security. in: Lowi Miriam R., Shaw Brian R. [ed.] Environment and Security, London: MacMillan Press, str. 84-100
Dalby, S. (2002) Environmental change and human security. Isuma: Canadian Journal of Policy Research, 3, (3), 71-79
Dalby, S. (2002) Environmental security. Minneapolis - London: University of Minnesota Press
Dalby, S. (2007) Ecology, security, and change in the Antropocene. British Journal of World Affairs, 13, (2), 155-164
Dalby, S. (1992) Ecological discourse: Environmental security and political geography. Progress in Human Geography, 16, (4), 503-522
Deudney, D. (1991) Environment and security: Muddled thinking. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 47, (3), 23-28
Deudney, D. (1990) The case against linking environmental degradation and national security. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 19, (3), 461-476
Diblin, J. (1988) Day of two suns: US nuclear testing and the pacific islanders. London: Virago
Downs, A. (1957) An economic theory of democracy. New York, itd: Harper and Row
Dyer, H. (1993) Eco cultures: Global culture in the age of ecology. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 22, (1), 483-504
Dyer, H. (2001) Environmental security. Review of International Relations, 27, 441-450
Elliot, L. (1996) Environmental conflict: Reviewing the arguments. Journal of Environment and Development, 5, (2), 149-167
Elliot, M. (1991) Water wars. Geographical Magazine, 64, (5), 28-30
Evans, M., Mentz, J.W., Chandler, R.W., Eubanks, S.L. (2000) The changing definition of national security. in: Lowi Miriam R., Shaw Brian R. [ed.] Environment and Security, London: MacMillan Press Ltd, str. 11-32
Graeger, N. (1996) Environmental security. Journal of Peace Research, 33, (1), 109-116
Grundmann, R. (2001) Transnational environmental policy: Reconstructing ozone. London - New York: Routledge
Hamer-Dixon, T. (1994) Environmental scarcities and violent conflict: Evidence from cases. International Security, 19, (1), 5-40
Homer-Dixon, T.F. (1996) Strategies for studying causation in complex ecological- political systems. Journal of Environment and Development, 5, 132-148
Homer-Dixon, T.F. (1991) On the threshold: Environmental changes as causes of acute conflict. International Security, 16, (2), 76-116
Homer-Dixon, T.F., Bountwell, J.H., Rathjens, G.W. (1993) Environmental change and violent conflict. Scientific American, 268, str. 38-43
Homer-Dixon, T.F. (2006) The upside of down: Catastrophe, creativity, and the renewal of civilization. Knopf: Island Press
Horsman, S. (2001) Water in Central Asia: Resolving cooperation or conflict. in: Allison Roy, Johnson Lena [ed.] Central Asian security: The new international context, London, str. 69-94
James, R.N. (1995) Security in a turbulent world. Current History, 94, (592), 193-200
Jervis, R. (1976) Perception and misperception in international politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Kaplan, R. (1994) The coming anarchy. Atlantic Monthly, 273, (2), 44-73
Keller, K. (1996) Environmentalism and security: MIT security studies program. Cambridge, Mass: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Keohane, R., Nye, J.Jr. (1977) Power and interdependence. Boston: Little Brown
Levy, J.S. (1983) Misperception and the causes of war: Theoretical linkages and analytical problems. World Politics, 36, (1), 88-90
Levy, M. (1995) Is the environment a national security issue?. International Security, 20, (2), 35-62
Levy, M. (1995/1996) Time for a third wave of environment and security scholarship?. in: Environmental Change and Security Project Report, Issue 1, str. 44-46
Libiszewski, S. (1995) What is an environmental conflict?. in: ENCOP Occasional Paper, Berne, Zurich: Center for Security and Conflict Research, No. 1
Liftin, K.T. (1999) Constructing environmental security and ecological interdependence. Global Governance, 5(3), str. 359-377
Lonergan, S. (1997) Water resources and conflict: Examples from the Middle East. in: Gleditsch N. [ed.] Conflict and Environment, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, str. 375-384
Lowi, M.R. (1993) Bridging the divide: Tran boundary resource disputes and the case of west bank water. International Security, 18, 113-138
Lowi, M.R. (1993) Water and power: The politics of a scarce resource in the Jordan river Basin. Cambridge: University Press
Lowi, M.R. (1995) Rivers of conflict, rivers of peace. Journal of International Affairs, 49, (1), 123-144
Lowi, M.R. (2000) Water and conflict in the Middle East and South Asia. in: Lowi Miriam R., Shaw Brian R. [ed.] Environment and Security, London: MacMillan Press Ltd, str. 149-171
Lowi, M.R., Brian, S.R., ur. (2000) Environment and security. London: MacMillan Press Ltd
Malešević, K. (2002) Sociološki smisao eko-rizika. Teme, vol. 26, br. 2, str. 267-287
Marković, D.Ž. (2002) Globalizacija i opasnost globalne ekološke krize. Teme, vol. 26, br. 2, str. 219-234
Mathews, T.J. (1989) Redefining security. Foreign Affairs, 68, (Spring), 162-177
Mccormick, J.M., Mitchell, N.J. (1997) Research note: Human rights violations, umbrella concepts, and empirical analysis. World Politics, 49, (4), 510-525
Mcnelis, D.N., Schweitzer, G.E. (2001) An evolving concept. Environmental Science and Technology, March 1: 109A-113A
Miltojević, V. (2006) Održivi razvoj i kvalitet života. Teme, vol. 30, br. 3, str. 427-440
Mohammed, N. (1996) Environmental conflicts in Africa. in: NATO Advanced Research Workshop Paper
Myers, N. (1986) Environment and security. Foreign Policy, 74, (Spring), 23-41
Myers, N. (1986) The environmental dimension to security issues. Environmentalist, 6, (4), 251-257
Myers, R.J. (1988) The virtue of moral restraint. International Journal, 43, Spring
Newman, E. (2001) Human security and constructivism. International Studies Perspectives, 2, (3), 239-251
Paris, R. (2001) Human security: Paradigm shift or hot air. International Security, vol. 26, br. 2, str. 87-102
Percival, V., Homer-Dixon, T. (1998) Environmental scarcity and violent conflict: The case of South Africa. Journal of Peace Research, 35, (3), 279-298
Perry, W.J. (1996) Remarks at the John F. Kennedy school of government. Washington DC: Department of Defense, str. 278-96
Pettman, R. (2005) Human security as global security: Reconceptualising strategic studies. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 18, (1), 137-150
Porter, G. (1995) Environmental security as a national security issue. Current History, 94, (592), 218-222
Price, R. (1998) Reversing the guns sight: Transnational civil society targets land mines. International Organization, vol. 52, br. 3, Summer str. 613-644
Richard, M. (2000) The environment as a national security issue. Journal of Policy History, 12, (1), 101-122
Richard, M.A. (2000) Integrating environmental factors into Conventional Security. in: Lowi Miriam R., Shaw Brian R. [ed.] Environment and Security, London: MacMillan Press Ltd, str. 33-48
Roland, P. (2005) Rational and irrational approaches to human security: A reply to Ralph Pettman. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 18, (3), 479-481
Rosenau, J.N. (1990) Turbulence in world politics: A theory of change and continuity. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Rothschild, E. (1995) What is security?. Deadalus, 124, (3), 55
Ruth, N.E., de Groot, W.T. (1999) Environment and security: Improving the interaction of two science fields. Journal of Environment and Development, 8, (1), 24-48
Rwabizambuga, A. (2007) Environmental security and development. Conflict, Security, and Development, 7, (1), 201-225
Sartori, G. (1970) Concept misformation in comparative politics. American Political Science Review, 64, (4), 1033-1053
Sarty, L. (1995) Environmental security after communism: The debate. in: De-Bardeleben J., Hannigan J. [ed.] Environmental Security and Quality after Communism: Eastern Europe and the Soviet Successor States, Boulder, Colo: Westview Press
Shlomo, G. (2002) Living in a world risk society: A reply to Mikkel V. Rasmussen. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 31, (1), 149-160
Sooros, M.S. (1994) Global change, environmental security, and the prisoner's dilemma. Journal of Peace Research, 31(3), str. 317-332
Tennberg, M. (1995) Risky business: Defining the concept of environmental security. Cooperation and Conflict, 30, (3), 239-258
Thomas, H. (1999) Environment, scarcity, and violence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Thompson, M. (1997) Security and solidarity: An anti-reductions framework for thinking about the relationship between us and the rest of nature. Geographical Journal, 163, (2), 141-149
Ullman, R. (1983) Redefining security. International Security, 8, (1), 129-153
Walt, S.M. (1999) Rigor or rigor mortis: Rational choice and security studies. International Security, vol. 23, br. 4, Spring, str. 5-48
Waltz, K.N. (1979) Theory of international politics. New York-London: Random House
Weiner, M. (1992/1993) Security, stability, and international migration. International Security, 17, (3), 91-126
Wood, A., Stedman-Edwards, P., Mang, J., ur. (2000) The root causes of biodiversity loss. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd


article language: English
document type: Review Paper
published in SCIndeks: 25/01/2009

Related records

FU: Philos Soc Psychol&Hist (2008)
The identification of water conflict and its resolution
Vuković Milovan

Sociološki pregled (2008)
International water disputes and cooperative responses to water stress
Vuković Milovan

Vojno delo (2015)
Climate change and national defense
Cvetković Vladimir M., et al.

show all [56]