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Pesticidi i fitomedicina
2014, vol. 29, br. 3, str. 213-219
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 26/12/2014
doi: 10.2298/PIF1403213S
Određivanje mikrobiološke aktivnosti i biomase u različitim zemljištima nakon primene nikosulfurona
Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd

e-adresa: ljiljana.santric@pesting.org.rs

Projekat

Proučavanje biljnih patogena, artropoda, korova i pesticida u cilju razvoja metoda bioracionalne zaštite bilja i proizvodnje bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 31043)

Sažetak

Ispitivan je uticaj herbicida nikosulfurona na brojnost celulolitskih i proteolitskih mikroorganizama, aktivnost enzima β-glukozidaze i proteaze i mikrobiološku biomasu fosfora. Ogled je postavljen u laboratorijskim uslovima na dva poljoprivredna zemljišta koja se razlikuju po svojim fizičko-hemijskim karakteristikama. Primenjene su koncentracije od 0,3, 0,6, 3,0 i 30,0 mg a.s/kg zemljišta. Uzorci za analizu uzeti su 3, 7, 14, 30 i 45 dana nakon primene nikosulfurona. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da je nikosulfuron značajno smanjio broj celulolizatora kod oba tipa zemljišta, kao i vrednost mikrobiološke biomase fosfora u peskuši. Stimulativno delovanje ovog herbicida zabeleženo je kod enzima β-glukozidaze i proteaze kod oba tipa zemljišta kao i kod mikrobiološke biomase fosfora u ilovači. Na brojnost proteolitičkih mikroorganizama nikosulfuron nije ispoljio nikakav uticaj.

Ključne reči

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