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Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2010, vol. 47, br. 1, str. 49-55
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 05/07/2010
Mikroorganizmi kao bioindikatori zagađujućih materija u zemljištu
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bMegatrend Univerzitet, Fakultet za biofarming, Bačka Topola

e-adresa: nadam@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Mikroorganizmi kao najzastupljeniji deo biološke komponente daju informativnu ocenu zdravlja i kvaliteta zemljišta. Mikroorganizmi zemljišta a) učestvuju u degradaciji organskih i neorganskih jedinjenja, b) njihova enzimatska aktivnost, brojnost i raznovrsnost su bioindikatori toksičnih efekata zagađujućih materija na biološku aktivnost zemljišta, c) pojedine vrste mikroba mogu se primeniti u bioremedijaciji ali i d) pojedine bakterije i alge su na osnovu inhibicije luminiscencije ili rasta ćelija biosenzori toksičnosti zemljišta. Tolerantnost mikroorganizama na pesticide i teške metale, pored smanjenja biodiverziteta, omogućava da se pojedine vrste i rodovi koriste u procesima bioremedijacije zemljišta.

Ključne reči

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