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2019, vol. 61, iss. 1, pp. 172-191
Preventive fire protection in certain European Union countries
Institute of International Politics and Economics, Belgrade
Serbia in contemporary international relations: Strategic development orientations and consolidation of Serbia’s position in international integration processes – foreign policy, international economic, legal and security aspects (MESTD - 179029)

Keywords: preventive fire protection; European Union; Kingdom of the Netherlands; Kingdom of Denmark; Czech Republic; Republic of Serbia
The lives of people, property and the environment are best protected against fire by removing potential hazards. Then we can talk about prevention that, in order to be effectively implemented, requires the realisation of certain procedures. The first step is the legal regulation of this area, clearly defined by the legislation. Preventive fire protection has a very important place in the legal regulations of the European Union countries. Each country of the European Union independently regulates this area in accordance with its needs. There are certain institutions in the European Union dealing with standards in this area and providing recommendations for their implementation. Member States of the European Union, as in the case of regulations, have no obligation to accept and enforce these standards. Nevertheless, these are standards that are determined on the basis of modern research, so most of them are adopted. In Serbia, the area of preventive fire protection is clearly legally defined, but there are some differences in relation to European standards. This is logical if differences in the construction of facilities, the economic situation and the level of economic development are to be discusses.. The most important area in preventive fire protection is the categorization of facilities according to the potential dangers of fire. This is very important because of the possible evacuation of people and the application of the most effective fire extinguishing tactics.
Babić, Đ., Mlađan, D. (2013) Analiza pokazatelja rizika od požara i eksplozija s posebnim osvrtom na Republiku Srbiju. Bezbednost, Beograd, vol. 55, br. 3, str. 117-129
Czech National Council (2001) Law on Fire Protection. Digest, No. 67/2001, Art. 4, 5 and 6
Danish Emergency Management Agency (2015) Crisis Management in Denmark. Birkerød
Danish Ministry of Economic and Business Affairs (2010) Building Regulations. Copenhagen
Fire & Rescue Service of the Czech Republic-MoI-General Directorate of FRS CR (2014) Praha
Hagen, R., Witloks, L. (2014) The Basis for Fire Safety: Substantiating fire protection in buildings. Arnhem: Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid
Jazić, A. (2016) Bezbednosni regioni u Holandiji - novi oblik organizacije u oblasti vanrednih situacija. Bezbednost, Beograd, vol. 58, br. 3, str. 96-112
Mašković, L.D., Mohora, E. (2004) Dalamberov princip u teoriji minimizacije rizika od požara i eksplozija. Nauka, bezbednost, policija, vol. 9, br. 2-3, str. 79-96
Ministry of Defence (2009) The Emergency Management Act: Consolidation Act no. 660 of 10 June 2009. Copenhagen, Art. 4, 9, 33 and 34 para. 2
Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (2011) Building Regulations 2012. The Hague, September 20
Živanović, S. (2010) Faktori rizika šuma od požara. Bezbednost, Beograd, vol. 52, br. 2, str. 179-190


article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.5937/bezbednost1901172J
published in SCIndeks: 05/09/2019

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