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2013, vol. 54, br. 1, str. 69-78
Distribucija organohlornih pesticida i polihlorovanih bifenila u dve vrste riba iz Dunava
aInstitut za higijenu i tehnologiju mesa, Beograd
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Hemijski fakultet
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Centar za multidisciplinarne studije

e-adresajasna@inmesbgd.com
Projekat:
Unapređenje proizvodnih kapaciteta šarana (Cyprinus carpio L) programima ishrane i selekcije (MPNTR - 31075)

Ključne reči: krupatica; mrena; organohlorni pesticidi; polihlorovani bifenili; hemijski sastav
Sažetak
U ovom radu prikazana je distribucija i sadržaj organohlornih pesticida (organochlorine pesticides, OCP) i polihlorovanih bifenila (polychlorinated biphenyls, PCB) u ribama krupatici (Blicca bjoerkna) i mreni (Barbus barbus) iz Dunava u blizini Batajnice. Ispitano je 16 organohlornih pesticida i 7 kongenera polihlorovanih bifenila. Anlizirana su sledeća jedinjenja: α-heksahlorocikloheksan (α-HCH), β-heksahlorocikloheksan (β-HCH), heksahlorobenzen (HCB), γ-heksahlorocikloheksan (γ-HCH), δ-heksahlorocikloheksan (δ-HCH), heptahlor, aldrin, cis-heptahloroepoksid (cis-HCE), trans-heptahloroepoksid (trans-HCE), γ-hlordan, α-hlordan, p,p'-dihlorodifenildihloroetilen (p,p'-DDE), dieldrin, endrin, p,p'-dihlorodifenildihloroetan (p,p'-DDD) i p,p'- dihlorodifeniltrihloroetan (p,p'-DDT) i PCB kongeneri označeni IUPAC brojevima 28, 52, 101, 138, 153, 180 i 118. Kvalitativna i kvanitativna ispitivanja ovih jedinjenja rađena su GC-ECD metodom. Sadržaj proteina, lipida, vlage i pepela u filetima riba određen je korišćenjem standardnih SRPS ISO metoda. Utvrđena je statistički značajna razlika (p < 0,05) između sadržaja organohlornih pesticida u krupatici i mreni, kao i između sadržaja polihlorovanih bifenila u ispitanim ribama. Najveći sadržaj među ispitivanim organohlornim pesticidima, u obe vrste ribe utvrđen je za ΣDDT (pp'-DDT + pp'-DDE + pp'-DDD), (13,8 ng/g ribe - krupatica, 2,6 ng/g ribe - mrena). Ukupan sadržaj PCB jedinjenja u filetima krupatice (40,8 ng/g ribe) bio je značajno veći nego u filetima mrene (7,2 ng/g ribe). Na osnovu rezultata Studentovog t-testa (p = 0,05) utvrđeno je da postoji statistički značajna razlika u sadržaju masti, vlage, pepela i izračunate energetske vrednosti između fileta ispitanih riba. Četiri puta veći sadržaj masti u filetima krupatice (4,25%) u odnosu na filete mrene (1,07%) jedan je od glavih razloga većeg sadržaja organohlornih pesticida i polihlorovanih bifenila u krupatici nego u mreni, koje su uzete sa istog lokaliteta (Dunav, Batajnica).
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/tehmesa1301069D
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.11.2013.

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