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2019, vol. 53, iss. 1, pp. 311-326
Reflections on civil liability for damages caused by unmanned aircrafts
Univerzitet u Miškolcu, Pravni fakultet, Mađarska
This research was supported by the project nr. EFOP-3.6.2-16-2017-00007, titled: Aspects on the development of intelligent, sustainable and inclusive society: social, technological, innovation networks in employment and digital economy. The project has been supported by the European Union, co-financed by the European Social Fund and the budget of Hungary

Keywords: unmanned aircraft; EU regulation; drone categorisation; liability for highly dangerous activity; product liability
As the competence of the EU has been extended to cover the regulation of all drones involved in international air navigation regardless of their maximum take-off masses, and in accordance with the Single European Sky concept, a new Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 of the European Parliament and Council (Regulation) came into force in August 2018 regarding common rules in the field of civil aviation that also addresses the main questions relating to the utilisation of unmanned aircrafts, i.e. drones. While the Regulation and the implementative acts were elaborated, and comprehensive regulation at the EU level is becoming complete, the civil liability issues related to drone usage seem to remain on the national level, with the exception of the Product Liability Directive, provided that the cause of the drone accident was the defect of the product. In this essay, the Hungarian strict liability Statute, the rule of liability for highly dangerous activity, will be examined, especially from the viewpoint of the dangerousness of the activity, in order to assess how it can be applied to drone utilisation in the future.
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article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/zrpfns53-21513
published in SCIndeks: 23/11/2019
peer review method: double-blind
Creative Commons License 4.0