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2009, br. 19, str. 8-14
Self-replicating systems in spatial form generation: The concept of cellular automata
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Arhitektonski fakultet
Sažetak
(ne postoji na srpskom)
The self-replicating systems introduced theoretically by von Neumann, are widely examined in biology, computing, geometry, engineering sciences etc. In this study the authors are focused on the concept of cellular automata (CA) and its possible application in processes of spatial form generation. The study has been realized with participation of 60 senior architecture students, creating various spatial forms by using the CA concept, within the series of elective courses titled Generic Explorations. The experimental activity is supported by the software Fun3D, i.e. its CA module, which has been created at the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Architecture, to support generative processes in the field of architecture. After introducing a general idea of the self-replicating systems, the authors explain the major principles of CA, particularly the issues of layered 2D automata, discussing possible approaches to spatial form creation. The study examines CA based on a cubic cell, evolving to a rectangular cuboid where width/height/length ratio can differ, as well as the gap between cells and some of the visual features, like color, transparency, texture etc. Creators of various spatial forms can set a pattern of initial cells, and define a rule for a self-reproduction of a single cell. Combinations of multiple CA systems have been introduced, as an entirely original approach to the problem of form generation in general. A variety of approaches to the generation of spatial form, resulted from the experimental activity, indicate a significant potential of the CA concept application in many areas of spatial design. The authors suggest a range of interpretations of a resulted generic form, such as architectural, urban, product design, exhibition systems etc.
Reference
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Coates, P., Healy, N., Lamb, C., Voon, W.L. (1996) The use of Cellular Automata to explore bottom up architectonic rules. u: Eurographics UK Chapter, Annual Conference (14th), London: Imperial College, http://uelceca.net/research/other/eurographics1996.pdf, dostupno januar 2009
Frame, M., Mandelbrot, B., Neger, N. (2009) Fractal geometry: Cellular automata and fractal evolution. Yale University, http://classes. yale. edu/fractals, accessed, January
Krawczyk, R.J. (2002) Architectural interpretation of cellular automata. u: Generative Art Conference, Milan, www.iit.edu/~krawczyk/rjkga02.pdf, accessed January 2009
Maeng, D., Nedović-Budić, Z. (2008) Urban form and planning in the information age: Lessons from literature. Spatium, br. 17-18, str. 1-12
Meinberg, F. (2007) A new kind of building. Wolfram Blog, http://blog.wolfram.com/2007/07/
Neuman, J.V. (1966) Theory of self-reproducing automata. Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, http://www.walenz.org
Terzidis, K. (2006) Algorithmic architecture. Architectural Press
Wolfram, S. (2002) A new kind of science. Champaign: Wolfram Media Press
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/SPAT0919008P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 30.06.2009.

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