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2008, iss. 28, pp. 57-62
Effects of sowing dates on the yield, total germination and 100-seed weight of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum greacum L.)
Institute for Medicinal Plant Research 'Dr. Josif Pančić ', Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: fenugreek; sowing date; year; seed yield; total germination; 100-seed weight
Abstract
The effects of eight sowing dates of the domestic cultivar fenugreek on the yield, total germination and 100-seed weight were observed in the present study. The four-replicate trial was set up according to a randomised block design in Pančevo in 2007 and 2008. Sowing was done on eight dates: I (March 7), II (March 17), III (March 27), IV (April 7), V (April 17), VI (April 27), VII (May 7) and VIII (May 17). Harvested seed was dry down to 9% moisture, cleaned off all admixtures and then the yield was determined. Seed samples were drawn from each replicate for testing total germination and the100-seed weight. Seeds were germinated according to the ISTA Rules in a germination cabinet at the Institute for Medicinal Plant Research 'Dr Josif Pančić'. According to the analysis of variance, all sowing dates very significantly affected all studied traits. The factor year was very important for the yield and total seed germination, while there were no significant effects on the 100-seed weight. The sowing date x year interaction was very important for total germination, while there were no significant differences in yields and 100-seed weights. The highest yield was obtained on the V and IV sowing dates, while the performed LSD test showed significant difference in relation to other sowing dates. The greatest germination and 100-seed weight were recorded in the seed of the fourth sowing date (April 7). Based on the two-year results, it can be concluded that the optimum dates for fenugreek sowing in the location of Pančevo range from April 7 to April 17 (i.e. IV and V sowing dates).
References
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Jevđović, R. (2007) Uticaj staništa i đubrenja na prinos i kvalitet semena piskavice. in: Naučno-stručni skup Proizvodnja i plasman lekovitog, začinskog i aromatičnog bilja, (14.), Bački Petrovac, 12. 10. 2007. Izvodi radova 10-11
Jevđović, R., Maletić, R., Sabovljević, R., Pavlović, R. (2001) Uticaj gustine setve na prinos i kvalitet semena piskavice. in: Dani lekovitog bilja, Beograd, 17-19 oktobra, Zbornik rezimea, str. 47-48
Maletić, R., Jevđović, R. (2007) Vreme setve - faktor prinosa i kvaliteta semena piskavice (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 52, br. 1, str. 1-8
 

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article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published in SCIndeks: 27/04/2010

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