• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:5
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:2


article: 1 from 2  
Back back to result list
2016, vol. 32, iss. 4, pp. 341-352
Seasonal and year dynamics in the quality characteristics in pig carcasses
aAgrcultural Institute, Shumen, Bulgaria
bInstitute of Animal Science, Kostinbrod, Bulgaria
The aim of our study was to assess the dynamics of the characteristics in pig carcasses as affected by the season and year of slaughter. A total of 106 027 carcasses of growing-finishing pigs of commercial production, slaughtered in the same abattoir in 2014 and 2015 were included in the study. The carcasses were classified using UltraFOM 200 device, as the characteristics controlled were back-fat thickness at two locations and the depth of m. Longissimus dorsi. These measurements were used to further determine the lean meat percentage. The results of the study showed significant differences in the dynamics of changes of carcass characteristics during the seasons and the years. The highest lean meat percentage was found in summer (56.48%), followed by spring (56.34%), autumn (56.29%) and winter (56.10%). On the other hand, the pigs slaughtered in winter displayed highest carcass weight and back-fat thickness at both locations.
*** (2007) JMP, Version 7. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc
*** (2009) Regulation 15 of Ministry of agriculture and food from 8th of May, 2009. SG, № 37 / 19th of May
Agapita, J.S. (2006) Genetic parameter estimation of carcass traits of Duroc predicted usine ultrasound scanning modes. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 19:1379-1383
Castryck, F. (2007) The Belgian pig production and health policy. in: EPP Congress, Ghent, Available at: httm/
Chapple, R.P. (1993) Effect of stocking arrangement on pig performance. in: Batterham E.S. [ed.] Manipulating pig production, Victoria: Australasian Pig Science Association, IV, 87-97
Chmielowiec-Korzeniowska, A., Tymczyna, L., Babicz, M. (2012) Assessment of selected parameters of biochemistry, hematology, immunology and production of pigs fattened in different seasons. Archiv Tierzucht, 469-479; 55, 5
Choi, C.S., Lee, J.G. (2001) Investigation of breed, sex and environmental factors of swine economic traits on-farm test records. Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 4, 431-444
Correa, J., Faucitano, L., Laforest, J., Rivest, J., Marcoux, M., Gariepy, C. (2006) Effects of slaughter weight on carcass composition and meat quality in pigs of two different growth rates. Meat Science, 72(1): 91-99
Čandek-Potokar, M., Kovač, M., Malovrh, Š. (2004) Slovenian experience in pig carcass classification according to SEUROP during the years 1996 to 2004. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 4, 323-330
Daumas, G., Dhorne, T. (1996) Historique et futur du classement objectif des carcasses de porc en France. Journées Rech Porcine en France, 28, 171-180
Engel, B., Walstra, P. (1993) Accounting for subpopulations in prediction of the proportion of lean meat of pig carcasses. Animal Science, 57(01): 147-152
Fagundes, A.C.A., da Silva, G.R., Gomes, J.D.F., de Souza, L.W.O., Fukushima, A. (2009) Influence of environmental temperature, dietary energy level and sex on performance and carcass characteristics of pigs. Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci., 46(1)32-39
Gispert, M., Diestre, A. (1994) Classement des carcasses de porc en Espagne: In pas vers l'harmonisation communautaire. Techniporc, 2, 29-32
Gogić, M., Petrović, M., Radović, Č., Živković, B., Radojković, D., Stanišić, N., Savić, R. (2014) Variation of traits of fatteners under the impact of various factors. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, vol. 30, br. 4, str. 687-697
Kalm, E. (1998) Marktgerecht Schweine produzieren heisst mit System produzieren. Landwirtsch. Bl. Weser - Ems, 19, 20-27
Knecht, D., Duziński, K. (2016) The effect of sex, carcass mass, back fat thickness and lean meat content on pork ham and loin characteristics. Archives Animal Breeding, 59(1): 51-57
Lefaucheur, L., Le, D.J., Mourot, J., Monin, G., Ecolan, P., Krauss, D. (1991) Influence of environmental temperature on growth, muscle and adipose tissue metabolism, and meat quality in swine. Journal of animal science, 69(7): 2844-54
Lehotayová, A., Bučko, O., Petrák, J., Mrázová, J., Debrecéni, O. (2012) Effect of high ambient temperature on meat quality of pigs. Research in Pig Breeding, 6, 2, 37-40
Marinova, P., Popova, T., Vasileva, V. (2008) Level of some prediction traits for determination of lean meat percentage in the carcasses of pigs reared in Bulgaria. Journal of Animal Science (BG), 3, 173-177
Massabie, P., Granier, L., Le, D.J. (1997) Effects of environmental conditions on the performance of growing-finishing pigs. in: 5. International symposium, Bloomington, USA, Livestock environment V, 2, 1010-1016
Nakev, J. (2010) Quality profile of pig carcasses. Journal of Animal Science (BG), 5, 39-42
Piwczyński, D., Wochna, P., Kolenda, M., Czajkowska, A. (2013) The effect of slaughtering season on the carcass quality of growing finishing pigs. Polish Journal of Natural Science, 8, 4, 437-448
Pulkrabek, J., Pavlek, J., Vatiš, L., Vitrek, M. (2006) Pig carcass quality in relation to carcass lean meat proportion. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 51, 18-23
Pulkrábek, J., David, L., Vítek, M., Vališ, L. (2010) Pig carcass presentation with flare fat in Szech republic. Research in Pig Breeding, 4, 2, 13-16
Radović, Č., Petrović, M., Živković, B., Radojković, D., Parunović, N., Stanišić, N., Gogić, M. (2012) The effect of different fixed factors on carcass quality three breed fattening pigs. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, vol. 28, br. 4, str. 779-786
Savescu, R.F., Laba, M. (2016) Multivariate regression analysis applied to the calibration of equipment used in pig meat classification in Romania. Meat Science, 116: 16-25
Škorput, D., Vincek, D., Luković, Z. (2010) Fixed effects in models for the genetic evaluation of backfat thickness and time on test in gilts. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 8(3s): 119
Trezona, M., Mullan, B.P., d`Antuono M., Wilson, R.H., Williams, I.H. (2004) The causes of seasonal variation in backfat thickness of pigs in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 55(3): 273
Vítek, M., Vališ, L., Pulkrábek, J., David, L. (2009) Carcass value and meat quality in pig final hybrids. Research in Pig Breeding, 3, 1, 63-66
Vítek, M., David, L., Vališ, L., Pulkrabek, J. (2012) The effect of sex, weight and lean meat content on the pig carcass realization. Research in Pig Breeding, 6, 2, 97-101
Zhang, S.-H., Shen, L.-Y., Luo, J., Wu, Z.-H., Jiang, Y.-Z., Tang, G.-Q., Li, M.-Z., Bai, L., Li, X.-W., Zhu, L. (2015) Analysis of carcass and meat quality traits and nutritional values of hybrid wild boars under different crossing systems. Genetics and Molecular Research, 14(1): 2608-2616


article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2298/bah1604341N
published in SCIndeks: 09/02/2017

Related records

No related records